Raise questions about the world around you and be willing to seek answers to some of the questions by making careful observations (5 senses) and trying things out.
Use whole numbers for counting, identifying, and describing things and experiences.
Make quantitative estimates of nonstandard measurements (blocks, counters) and check by measuring.
Use ordinary hand tools and instruments to construct, measure (for example: balance scales to determine heavy/light, weather data, nonstandard units for length), and look at objects (for example: magnifiers to look at rocks and soils).
Make something that can actually be used to perform a task, using paper, cardboard, wood, plastic, metal, or existing objects. (For example: paper plate day and night sky models)
Use a model?such as a toy or a picture?to describe a feature of the primary thing.
Describe changes in size, weight, color, or movement, and note which of their other qualities remains the same. (For example, playing ?Follow the Leader? and noting the changes.)
Compare very different sizes (large/small), ages (parent/baby), speeds (fast/slow), and weights (heavy/light) of both manmade and natural things.
Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion.
Begin to draw pictures that portray features of the thing being described.
In doing science, it is often helpful to work with a team and to share findings with others.
Tools such as rulers, magnifiers, and balance scales often give more information about things than can be obtained by just observing things without help.
Much can be learned about plants and animals by observing them closely, but care must be taken to know the needs of living things and how to provide for them (classroom pets).
Describe changes that occur in the sky during the day, as day turns into night, during the night, and as night turns into day.
Classify objects according to those seen in the day sky and those seen in the night sky.
Recognize that the Sun supplies heat and light to Earth.
Use senses to observe and group rocks by physical attributes such as large/small, heavy/light, smooth/rough, dark/light, etc.
Use senses to observe soils by physical attributes such as smell, texture, color, particle/grain size.
Recognize earth materials - soil, rocks, water, air, etc.
Compare and sort materials of different composition (common materials include clay, cloth, paper, plastic, etc.).
Use senses to classify common materials, such as buttons or swatches of cloth, according to their physical attributes (color, size, shape, weight, texture, buoyancy, flexibility).
Sort objects into categories according to their motion. (straight, zigzag, round and round, back and forth, fast and slow, and motionless)
Push, pull, and roll common objects and describe their motions.
Recognize that some things, such as airplanes and birds, are in the sky, but return to earth.
Recognize that the sun, moon, and stars are in the sky, but don?t come down.
Explain why a book does not fall down if it is placed on a table, but will fall down if it is dropped.
Recognize the difference between living organisms and nonliving materials.
Group animals according to their observable features such as appearance, size, motion, where it lives, etc. (Example: A green frog has four legs and hops. A rabbit also hops.)
Group plants according to their observable features such as appearance, size, etc.
Explain the similarities and differences in animals. (color, size, appearance, etc.)
Explain the similarities and differences in plants. (color, size, appearance, etc.)
Recognize the similarities and differences between a parent and a baby.
Match pictures of animal parents and their offspring explaining your reasoning. (Example: dog/puppy; cat/kitten; cow/calf; duck/ducklings, etc.)
Recognize that you are similar and different from other students. (senses, appearance)