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This learning object uses the above image of the lynching of Rubin Stacy in Ft. Lauderdale Florida in 1935 (image credit: spartacus.schoolnet.uk.co). Students will observe this image and compare it to the modern technique of capital punishment, the lethal injection. The purpose is for them to gain an understanding of how the death penalty has changed, but also to find similarities to lynchings in the South. The goal is for them to discover the influence that lynching has on the modern death penalty and how it continues to be deeply rooted in the American psyche.
This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 2, as of 2012-06-24.
I think this is a perfect visual for students to see a representation of a lynching. It is apparent that the lynching is like entertainment. The people watching even look like they could be at a picnic. It is a horrific photo that students would need to be prepared for. As far as comparing this lynching to a modern day lethal injection, I don't think most students would know what a lethal injection was actually like. I think the lethal injection would also be quite disturbing and I think in a group of mature enough students, a video of a lethal injection could be used as a comparison.
Matt, Brandon, and Shaun, This is indeed a powerful photo. Anytime you can tie in an issue you are discussing to local examples amplifies the power of the learning object. As they say, a picture is worth a thousand words. I often incorporated the use of photos, cartoons, and art to convey ideas and provoke discussion. I really enjoyed the various observations and individual opinions that surfaced during such lessons. This lynching photo in Ft. Lauderdale is horrific and bone chilling to people who are alive today. That is my one concern. You must be very careful not to upset African American students by "springing" this upon them without first judging how it will be received by the class. I could imagine potential problems in classes with large populations of African Americans and in classes with very little. Imagine being the only black student in the room and having that picture appear and then listening to everyone in the class discuss such a sensitive issue. That being said, I would still use this and other "uncomfortable" photos in my class, but I would do much preparation and consideration before implementing disturbing media.
I think that this was an excellent solid learning object! Although it is a simple photograph, it definitely provoked a strong discussion within our group. This picture really covers many different aspects such as, comparing lynching to the modern day death penalty and mobs as what is current day media. I don’t really think there is anything you need to improve on, the only thing I would do is make sure that the community you are teaching in is open to the display of this type of photo.
I love that you picked a photo of lynching that occured in Florida to show students in your classroom what capital punishment actually looked like during this time period and more importantly how the crowd often formed around such events. Assuming many of you will teach in Florida, this is a great way to connect the material to students since they live in the state where the lynching occured. Personally, I think that photos offer a greater insight into a topic such as this compared to a lecture.
I would of liked to have seen another photo of a modern form of capital punishment so students could have something to compare the lynching photo to. Other than that, great learning object!
Great resource, I like your method on how to use this. Students can definatley draw conclusions from lynching and the death penalty, especially drawing from modern examples. One could use the trial of Casey Anthony , with the millions tuning in, to point out that similarity with the number of people standing around a lynching. You could also use the O.J Simpson trial. Essentially a Death Penalty trial and a lynching becomes a morbid form of entertainment. One thing that you may have to look out for , and this comes with knowing your students, is how students would react to the sight of a person lynched. Some students cannot handle that, others can.
I think this picture, as a learning object, serves two purposes. Firstly, it obviously does as you guys have described and gives students something to look at to understand the differences and similarities between lynching and the modern-day death penalty, but I also think it can serve to just clarify the realities of lynchings for students as well. I recall reading plenty about them in high school, but this is an actual picture that clearly shows just how much of a spectacle these acts were to people, and how close to home they can hit, (this is in Ft. Lauderdale, after all). My only real complaint is that it pretty much is just a picture. An extremely useful and informative picture, to be sure, but you would almost certainly have had to already discussed lynchings and capital punishment for the students to really take hold of it.
I thought this learning objective does a good job at providing the stark contrast between executions in our not-too-distant past and how it has changed today. The students get an idea of how brutal and senseless lynchings were in our race fuelled tense past. The part that sticks out to me the most is that there are children in the crowd, including the young impressionable girl in the back left.
The picture is lacking a bit of context, and it would be nice to have a little more than just a caption. It is also hard to compare this to modern day because I am sure this was not a legal execution, but instead an on the spot trial.
It's a tough picture to decipher, but it's usefulness as a learning object really can't be questioned once students understand exactly what this picture represents. It captures a certain spirit, or maybe zeitgeist, of the era in which is was taken as far as the question of capital punishment, mob mentality, and popular sentiment.
One suggestion I have would be to include a helpful caption to the picture so that the picture is given some context.
Although just a picture, I felt this learning object was very powerful and was perfect in conveying your meaning and comparing historic lynching to today's death penalty executions. I also think that it would be great to use in a 6-12 classroom as students could visualize your points and work to analyze the photo for themselves, creating a more student centered learning environment.
I really like the image in this learning object since it draws a direct comparison to America's first "peculiar institution" to today's capital punishment. In this learning object, students are able to view how lynchings were a public event, the race of the person being killed, and how this image compares to the death penalty today.
Although I like the image, I'm not sure I agree with this statement: "Students will observe this image and compare it to the modern technique of capital punishment, the lethal injection." I say this because I think this learning object would have been enhanced if there was another image of capital punishment that was more modern. Perhaps if a picture of someone about to receive lethal injection was shown it would allow students to make a direct comparison.
This is an exceptionally strong learning object; to begin with, I think you've zeroed in
on one of the most significant strains of thought within the book; namely, the notion
that the lynchings of the past century in the American south have both helped to
develop the national attitude that allows capital punishment to persist today, while at
the same time paradoxically forcing us to deal with the modern death penalty almost
with a sense of shame or embarrassment. That’s something I had never really
considered; why we’re so preoccupied with making this ultimate punishment seem
‘painless’ and even ‘dignified’ with the last meal that we grant them. Also, nice job
finding an image of a lynching that actually took place in Florida, just for the sake of
highlighting how close to home this issue really hits. I found it difficult to come up with any real criticism of this object or your intended use of it except that if the purpose is
for students to compare and contrast archaic lynchings with the modern death penalty, it would be nice to have some image of the modern reality of capital punishment for the basis of that comparison. I don’t even know how possible it is to find an image like
that, and I’m sure the discussion will succeed just fine without it so long as students
know how the modern death penalty is carried out.