LA.PK.R.1.1: Language Arts
Locate and use classroom and library media center resources to acquire information, with assistance
LA.PK.R.1.2: Language Arts
Read familiar informational texts with repetitive language and simple illustrations to begin to collect data, facts, and ideas, with assistance
LA.PK.R.1.3: Language Arts
Interpret information represented in pictures and illustrations
LA.PK.R.1.4: Language Arts
Recognize and interpret familiar signs and symbols from the environment, such as labels on classroom furniture, equipment, and STOP signs
LA.PK.R.1.5: Language Arts
Draw on prior experience to understand new data, facts, and ideas
LA.PK.R.2.1: Language Arts
Comprehend and respond to literary texts and performances, with assistance
LA.PK.R.2.2.a: Language Arts
connect a picture or illustration to a story
LA.PK.R.2.3: Language Arts
Dramatize or retell stories or parts of stories, using puppets, toys, and other props
LA.PK.R.3.1: Language Arts
Identify ideas and experiences from texts and performances
LA.PK.R.3.2.a: Language Arts
identify what they know about a specific story or topic
LA.PK.R.3.2.b: Language Arts
use illustrations to assist in understanding the content of a text
LA.PK.R.3.2.c: Language Arts
predict what could happen next or the outcome of a story or article, when read aloud, with assistance
LA.PK.R.3.2.d: Language Arts
evaluate and select books, poems, or tapes on the basis of personal choice
LA.PK.R.3.2.e: Language Arts
distinguish between real and imaginary stories, with assistance
LA.PK.R.4.1: Language Arts
Share reading experiences to establish, maintain, and enhance personal relationships
LA.PK.R.4.2: Language Arts
Respect age and gender of writer
LA.PK.R.4.3: Language Arts
Recognize the vocabulary and writing conventions (e.g., greetings and closings) of social communication, with assistance
LA.PK.S.1.1: Language Arts
Dictate information from personal experience
LA.PK.S.1.2: Language Arts
Report information briefly to peers and familiar adults, with assistance
LA.PK.S.1.3: Language Arts
Connect information from personal experiences to information from nonfiction texts, with assistance
LA.PK.S.1.4: Language Arts
Relate more than one piece of information in sequence in retelling a story
LA.PK.S.1.5: Language Arts
Share observations from classroom and home
LA.PK.S.1.6: Language Arts
Ask questions to clarify directions and/or classroom routines
LA.PK.S.1.7: Language Arts
Respond orally to simple questions and/or directions
LA.PK.S.1.8: Language Arts
Share information, using appropriate visual aids (e.g., puppets, toys, and pictures) to illustrate a word or concept, with assistance
LA.PK.S.1.9: Language Arts
Dramatize an experience or event
LA.PK.S.2.1: Language Arts
Interpret words of characters in stories, with assistance
LA.PK.S.2.2: Language Arts
Engage in conversations with adults and peers regarding pictures, books, and experiences
LA.PK.S.2.3: Language Arts
Role-play characters or events from stories
LA.PK.S.2.4: Language Arts
Express feelings about a work of fiction
LA.PK.S.2.5: Language Arts
Compare stories from personal experience with stories heard
LA.PK.S.2.6: Language Arts
Dictate stories with a beginning, middle, and end, with assistance
LA.PK.S.2.7: Language Arts
Describe the actions of characters in a story, with assistance
LA.PK.S.2.8: Language Arts
Tell real or imaginative stories on the basis of their response to illustrations
LA.PK.S.2.9: Language Arts
Describe familiar persons, places, or objects
LA.PK.S.2.10: Language Arts
Recite short poems, nursery rhymes, and finger plays
LA.PK.S.3.1: Language Arts
Share what they know about a topic
LA.PK.S.3.2: Language Arts
Express an opinion about a story, poem, finger play, or poster
LA.PK.S.3.3: Language Arts
Compare characters or events in two stories, with assistance
LA.PK.S.3.4: Language Arts
Express an opinion about the color and form of illustrations
LA.PK.S.3.5: Language Arts
Brainstorm to create an experience chart, with assistance
LA.PK.S.3.6: Language Arts
Discuss different versions of the same story
LA.PK.S.3.7: Language Arts
Relate events or characters in a story to their lives
LA.PK.S.4.1: Language Arts
Participate in small or large group storytelling, singing, and finger play, in order to interact with classmates and adults in the classroom and school environment
LA.PK.S.4.2: Language Arts
Share rhymes with peers and familiar adults
LA.PK.S.4.3: Language Arts
Respect the age and gender of the listener
LA.PK.S.4.4: Language Arts
Discuss the content of friendly notes, cards, and personal narratives, in a group, to get to know the writer and each other
LA.10.1.1: English Language Arts
Define unknown words through context clues and the author's use of comparison, contrast and cause and effect.
LA.10.1.2: English Language Arts
Analyze the relationships of pairs of words in analogical statements (e.g., synonyms and antonyms, connotation and denotation) and infer word meanings from these relationships.
LA.10.1.3: English Language Arts
Infer the literal and figurative meaning of words and phrases and discuss the function of figurative language, including metaphors, similes, idioms and puns.
LA.10.1.4: English Language Arts
Analyze the ways that historical events influenced the English language.
LA.10.1.5: English Language Arts
Use knowledge of Greek, Latin and Anglo-Saxon roots, prefixes and suffixes to understand complex words and new subject-area vocabulary (e.g., unknown words in science, mathematics and social studies).
LA.10.1.6: English Language Arts
Determine the meanings and pronunciations of unknown words by using dictionaries, glossaries, technology and textual features, such as definitional footnotes or sidebars.
LA.10.2.1: English Language Arts
Apply reading comprehension strategies, including making predictions, comparing and contrasting, recalling and summarizing and making inferences and drawing conclusions.
LA.10.2.2: English Language Arts
Answer literal, inferential, evaluative and synthesizing questions to demonstrate comprehension of grade-appropriate print texts and electronic and visual media.
LA.10.2.3: English Language Arts
Monitor own comprehension by adjusting speed to fit the purpose, or by skimming, scanning, reading on, looking back, note taking or summarizing what has been read so far in text.
LA.10.2.4: English Language Arts
Use criteria to choose independent reading materials (e.g., personal interest, knowledge of authors and genres or recommendations from others).
LA.10.2.5: English Language Arts
Independently read books for various purposes (e.g., for enjoyment, for literary experience, to gain information or to perform a task).
LA.10.3.1: English Language Arts
Identify and understand organizational patterns (e.g., cause-effect, problem-solution) and techniques, including repetition of ideas, syntax and word choice, that authors use to accomplish their purpose and reach their intended audience.
LA.10.3.2: English Language Arts
Critique the treatment, scope and organization of ideas from multiple sources on the same topic.
LA.10.3.3: English Language Arts
Evaluate the effectiveness of information found in maps, charts, tables, graphs, diagrams, cutaways and overlays.
LA.10.3.4: English Language Arts
Assess the adequacy, accuracy and appropriateness of an author's details, identifying persuasive techniques (e.g., transfer, glittering generalities, bait and switch) and examples of propaganda, bias and stereotyping.
LA.10.3.5: English Language Arts
Analyze an author's implicit and explicit argument, perspective or viewpoint in text.
LA.10.3.6: English Language Arts
Identify appeals to authority, reason and emotion.
LA.10.3.7: English Language Arts
Analyze the effectiveness of the features (e.g., format, graphics, sequence, headers) used in various consumer documents (e.g., warranties, product information, instructional materials), functional or workplace documents (e.g., job-related materials, memoranda, instructions) and public documents (e.g., speeches or newspaper editorials).
LA.10.3.8: English Language Arts
Describe the features of rhetorical devices used in common types of public documents, including newspaper editorials and speeches.
LA.10.4.1: English Language Arts
Compare and contrast an author's use of direct and indirect characterization, and ways in which characters reveal traits about themselves, including dialect, dramatic monologues and soliloquies.
LA.10.4.2: English Language Arts
Analyze the features of setting and their importance in a literary text.
LA.10.4.3: English Language Arts
Distinguish how conflicts, parallel plots and subplots affect the pacing of action in literary text.
LA.10.4.4: English Language Arts
Interpret universal themes across different works by the same author or by different authors.
LA.10.4.5: English Language Arts
Analyze how an author's choice of genre affects the expression of a theme or topic.
LA.10.4.6: English Language Arts
Explain how literary techniques, including foreshadowing and flashback, are used to shape the plot of a literary text.
LA.10.4.7: English Language Arts
Recognize how irony is used in a literary text.
LA.10.4.8: English Language Arts
Analyze the author's use of point of view, mood and tone.
LA.10.4.9: English Language Arts
Explain how authors use symbols to create broader meanings.
LA.10.4.10: English Language Arts
Describe the effect of using sound devices in literary texts (e.g., to create rhythm, to appeal to the senses or to establish mood).
LA.10.4.11: English Language Arts
Explain ways in which an author develops a point of view and style (e.g., figurative language, sentence structure and tone), and cite specific examples from the text.
LA.10.5.1: English Language Arts
Generate writing ideas through discussions with others and from printed material, and keep a list of writing ideas.
LA.10.5.2: English Language Arts
Determine the usefulness of and apply appropriate pre-writing tasks (e.g., background reading, interviews or surveys).
LA.10.5.3: English Language Arts
Establish and develop a clear thesis statement for informational writing or a clear plan or outline for narrative writing.
LA.10.5.4: English Language Arts
Determine a purpose and audience and plan strategies (e.g., adapting focus, content structure, and point of view) to address purpose and audience.
LA.10.5.5: English Language Arts
Use organizational strategies (e.g., notes, outlines) to plan writing.
LA.10.5.6: English Language Arts
Organize writing to create a coherent whole with an effective and engaging introduction, body and conclusion, and a closing sentence that summarizes, extends or elaborates on points or ideas in the writing.
LA.10.5.7: English Language Arts
Use a variety of sentence structures and lengths (e.g., simple, compound and complex sentences; parallel or repetitive sentence structure).
LA.10.5.8: English Language Arts
Use paragraph form in writing, including topic sentences that arrange paragraphs in a logical sequence, using effective transitions and closing sentences and maintaining coherence across the whole through the use of parallel structures.
LA.10.5.9: English Language Arts
Use language, including precise language, action verbs, sensory details and colorful modifiers, and style as appropriate to audience and purpose, and use techniques to convey a personal style and voice.
LA.10.5.10: English Language Arts
Use available technology to compose text.
LA.10.5.11: English Language Arts
Reread and analyze clarity of writing, consistency of point of view and effectiveness of organizational structure.
LA.10.5.12: English Language Arts
Add and delete information and details to better elaborate on stated central idea and more effectively accomplish purpose.
LA.10.5.13: English Language Arts
Rearrange words, sentences and paragraphs and add transitional words and phrases to clarify meaning and maintain consistent style, tone and voice.
LA.10.5.14: English Language Arts
Use resources and reference materials (e.g., dictionaries and thesauruses) to select effective and precise vocabulary that maintains consistent style, tone and voice.
LA.10.5.15: English Language Arts
Proofread writing, edit to improve conventions (e.g., grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization), identify and correct fragments and run-ons and eliminate inappropriate slang or informal language.
LA.10.5.16: English Language Arts
Apply tools (e.g., rubric, checklist and feedback) to judge the quality of writing.
LA.10.5.17: English Language Arts
Prepare for publication (e.g., for display or for sharing with others) writing that follows a manuscript form appropriate for the purpose, which could include such techniques as electronic resources, principles of design (e.g., margins, tabs, spacing and columns) and graphics (e.g., drawings, charts and graphs) to enhance the final product.
LA.10.6.1.a: English Language Arts
sustain reader interest by pacing action and developing an engaging plot (e.g., tension and suspense);
LA.10.6.1.b: English Language Arts
use a range of strategies and literary devices including figurative language and specific narration; and
LA.10.6.1.c: English Language Arts
include an organized, well-developed structure.
LA.10.6.2: English Language Arts
Write responses to literature that organize an insightful interpretation around several clear ideas, premises or images and support judgments with specific references to the original text, to other texts, authors and to prior knowledge.
LA.10.6.3.a: English Language Arts
address audience needs, stated purpose and context in a clear and efficient manner;
LA.10.6.3.b: English Language Arts
follow the conventional style appropriate to the text using proper technical terms;
LA.10.6.3.c: English Language Arts
include appropriate facts and details;
LA.10.6.3.d: English Language Arts
exclude extraneous details and inconsistencies; and
LA.10.6.3.e: English Language Arts
provide a sense of closure to the writing.
LA.10.6.4.a: English Language Arts
pose relevant and tightly drawn questions that engage the reader;
LA.10.6.4.b: English Language Arts
provide a clear and accurate perspective on the subject;
LA.10.6.4.c: English Language Arts
create an organizing structure appropriate to the purpose, audience and context;
LA.10.6.4.d: English Language Arts
support the main ideas with facts, details, examples and explanations from sources; and
LA.10.6.4.e: English Language Arts
document sources and include bibliographies.
LA.10.6.5.a: English Language Arts
support arguments with detailed evidence;
LA.10.6.5.b: English Language Arts
exclude irrelevant information; and
LA.10.6.5.c: English Language Arts
cite sources of information.
LA.10.6.6: English Language Arts
Produce informal writings (e.g., journals, notes and poems) for various purposes.
LA.10.7.1: English Language Arts
Use correct spelling conventions.
LA.10.7.2: English Language Arts
Use correct capitalization and punctuation.
LA.10.7.3: English Language Arts
Use clauses (e.g., main, subordinate) and phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, participial).
LA.10.7.4: English Language Arts
Use parallel structure to present items in a series and items juxtaposed for emphasis.
LA.10.7.5: English Language Arts
Use proper placement of modifiers.
LA.10.8.1: English Language Arts
Compose open-ended questions for research, assigned or personal interest, and modify questions as necessary during inquiry and investigation to narrow the focus or extend the investigation.
LA.10.8.2: English Language Arts
Identify appropriate sources and gather relevant information from multiple sources (e.g., school library catalogs, online databases, electronic resources and Internet-based resources).
LA.10.8.3: English Language Arts
Determine the accuracy of sources and the credibility of the author by analyzing the sources' validity (e.g., authority, accuracy, objectivity, publication date and coverage, etc.).
LA.10.8.4: English Language Arts
Evaluate and systematically organize important information, and select appropriate sources to support central ideas, concepts and themes.
LA.10.8.5: English Language Arts
Integrate quotations and citations into written text to maintain a flow of ideas.
LA.10.8.6: English Language Arts
Use style guides to produce oral and written reports that give proper credit for sources, and include an acceptable format for source acknowledgement.
LA.10.8.7: English Language Arts
Use a variety of communication techniques, including oral, visual, written or multimedia reports, to present information that supports a clear position about the topic or research question and to maintain an appropriate balance between researched information and original ideas.
LA.10.9.1: English Language Arts
Apply active listening strategies (e.g., monitoring message for clarity, selecting and organizing essential information, noting cues such as changes in pace) in a variety of settings.
LA.10.9.2: English Language Arts
Interpret types of arguments used by the speaker such as authority and appeals to audience.
LA.10.9.3: English Language Arts
Evaluate the credibility of the speaker (e.g., hidden agendas, slanted or biased material) and recognize fallacies of reasoning used in presentations and media messages.
LA.10.9.4: English Language Arts
Identify how language choice and delivery styles (e.g., repetition, appeal to emotion, eye contact) contribute to meaning.
LA.10.9.5: English Language Arts
Demonstrate an understanding of the rules of the English language and select language appropriate to purpose and audience.
LA.10.9.6: English Language Arts
Adjust volume, phrasing, enunciation, voice modulation and inflection to stress important ideas and impact audience response.
LA.10.9.7: English Language Arts
Vary language choices as appropriate to the context of the speech.
LA.10.9.8.a: English Language Arts
demonstrate an understanding of the topic and present events or ideas in a logical sequence;
LA.10.9.8.b: English Language Arts
support the controlling idea or thesis with well-chosen and relevant facts, details, examples, quotations, statistics, stories and anecdotes;
LA.10.9.8.c: English Language Arts
include an effective introduction and conclusion and use a consistent organizational structure (e.g., cause-effect, compare-contrast, problem-solution);
LA.10.9.8.d: English Language Arts
use appropriate visual materials (e.g., diagrams, charts, illustrations) and available technology to enhance presentation; and
LA.10.9.8.e: English Language Arts
draw from multiple sources, including both primary and secondary sources, and identify sources used.
LA.10.9.9: English Language Arts
Deliver formal and informal descriptive presentations that convey relevant information and descriptive details.
LA.10.9.10.a: English Language Arts
establish and develop a logical and controlled argument;
LA.10.9.10.b: English Language Arts
include relevant evidence, differentiating between evidence and opinion, to support a position and to address counter-arguments or listener bias;
LA.10.9.10.c: English Language Arts
use persuasive strategies, such as rhetorical devices, anecdotes and appeals to emotion, authority and reason;
LA.10.9.10.d: English Language Arts
consistently use common organizational structures as appropriate (e.g., cause-effect, compare-contrast, problem-solution); and
LA.10.9.10.e: English Language Arts
use speaking techniques (e.g., reasoning, emotional appeal, case studies or analogies).