Living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, eliminate waste, and die.
Some traits of living things have been inherited (e.g., color of flowers and number of limbs of animals).
Some characteristics result from an individual s interactions with the environment and cannot be inherited by the next generation (e.g., having scars; riding a bicycle).
Plants and animals closely resemble their parents and other individuals in their species.
Plants and animals can transfer specific traits to their offspring when they reproduce.
wings, legs, or fins enable some animals to seek shelter and escape predators the mouth, including teeth, jaws, and tongue, enables some animals to eat and drink
the mouth, including teeth, jaws, and tongue, enables some animals to eat and drink
eyes, nose, ears, tongue, and skin of some animals enable the animals to sense their surroundings
claws, shells, spines, feathers, fur, scales, and color of body covering enable some animals to protect themselves from predators and other environmental conditions, or enable them to obtain food
some animals have parts that are used to produce sounds and smells to help the animal meet its needs
the characteristics of some animals change as seasonal conditions change (e.g. , fur grows and is shed to help regulate body heat; body fat is a form of stored energy and it changes as the seasons change)
seeds disperse by a plant s own mechanism and/ or in a variety of ways that can include wind, water, and animals
leaf, flower, stem, and root adaptations may include variations in size, shape, thickness, color, smell, and texture
animal adaptations include coloration for warning or attraction, camouflage, defense mechanisms, movement, hibernation, and migration
Individuals within a species may compete with each other for food, mates, space, water, and shelter in their environment.
All individuals have variations, and because of these variations, individuals of a species may have an advantage in surviving and reproducing.
Green plants are producers because they provide the basic food supply for them- selves and animals.
All animals depend on plants. Some animals (predators) eat other animals (prey).
Animals that eat plants for food may in turn become food for other animals. This sequence is called a food chain.
Decomposers are living things that play a vital role in recycling nutrients.
An organism s pattern of behavior is related to the nature of that organism s environment, including the kinds and numbers of other organisms present, the availability of food and other resources, and the physical characteristics of the environment.
When the environment changes, some plants and animals survive and reproduce, and others die or move to new locations.