Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.
The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."
Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.
Define a problem, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigations of various types such as: systematic observations, experiments requiring the identification of variables, collecting and organizing data, interpreting data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.
Scientific knowledge is durable and robust, but open to change.
All plants and animals, including humans, are alike in some ways and different in others.
All plants and animals, including humans, have internal parts and external structures that function to keep them alive and help them grow and reproduce.
Humans can better understand the natural world through careful observation.
Compare and contrast the function of organs and other physical structures of plants and animals, including humans, for example: some animals have skeletons for support -- some with internal skeletons others with exoskeletons -- while some plants have stems for support.
Earth is home to a great diversity of living things, but changes in the environment can affect their survival.
Individuals of the same kind often differ in their characteristics and sometimes the differences give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing.
Describe how, when the environment changes, differences between individuals allow some plants and animals to survive and reproduce while others die or move to new locations.
Plants and animals, including humans, interact with and depend upon each other and their environment to satisfy their basic needs.
Both human activities and natural events can have major impacts on the environment.
Energy flows from the sun through producers to consumers.
Compare and contrast adaptations displayed by animals and plants that enable them to survive in different environments such as life cycles variations, animal behaviors and physical characteristics.