Students know features of the ocean floor (magnetic patterns, age, and sea-floor topography) provide evidence of plate tectonics.
Students know the principal structures that form at the three different kinds of plate boundaries.
Students know how to explain the properties of rocks based on the physical and chemical conditions in which they formed, including plate tectonic processes.
Students know why and how earthquakes occur and the scales used to measure their intensity and magnitude.
Students know there are two kinds of volcanoes: one kind with violent eruptions producing steep slopes and the other kind with voluminous lava flows producing gentle slopes.
Students know the explanation for the location and properties of volcanoes that are due to hot spots and the explanation for those that are due to subduction.
Students know the principal natural hazards in different California regions and the geologic basis of those hazards.
knows that the solid crust of Earth consists of slow-moving, separate plates that float on a denser, molten layer of Earth and that these plates interact with each other, changing the Earth's surface in many ways (e.g., forming mountain ranges and rift valleys, causing earthquake and volcanic activity, and forming undersea mountains that can become ocean islands).
knows that changes in Earth's climate, geological activity, and life forms may be traced and compared.
knows that Earth's systems and organisms are the result of a long, continuous change over time.
Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.
Connect surface features to surface processes that are responsible for their formation.
Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.
Analyze how specific geologic processes and features are expressed in Florida and elsewhere.
Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.