For more information about the understandings, essential
questions, and alignment of this lesson to National Health Education Standards,
State Standards, please visit our website, www.roadoflife.org
Note to the Teacher: Fruits
and vegetables are a very important part of maintaining health.Without proper intake of fruits and
vegetables, people lack essential nutrients that help with normal body
function. Many people know that fruits and vegetables are healthy, but they do
not know why.There are a variety of
reasons why people do not eat fruits and vegetables.One of the main reasons is that they do not
have access to fruits and vegetables. Another barrier might be that they were
never exposed to fruits and vegetables and therefore never developed a like for
their taste. This exercise is to familiarize children with the tastes and names
of fruits and vegetables. The goal is for children to find out what a fruit or
vegetable is through scientific inquiry.By gaining an appreciation for a fruit or vegetable’s taste, students
will hopefully begin to eat a wider variety of fruits and vegetables.In addition, students will understand how
fruits and vegetables benefit them and how to get a variety of fruits and
vegetables in their diet by eating different colored vegetables.
**Very Important: The
activity in this lesson includes tasting fruits and vegetables.It is necessary to pay very close attention
to any food allergies that your students may have.**
Begin by asking students to name their favorite fruits and
vegetables. Write down their responses on the chalkboard or on a
transparency.Is there a wide variety of
fruits and vegetables listed? Ask the students if they think they can get the
nutrients that they need from just
the foods listed. Explain that one fruit or one vegetable does not contain all
the nutrients your body needs to be healthy. Explain that fruits and vegetables
and how they help our bodies can be put into categories by color.The color groups and their descriptions are
Blue/Purple:Fruits and vegetables in this group help to
reduce one’s risk of developing some cancers and improve one’s memory function.
This group includes: blackberries, blueberries, black currants, plums, purple
grapes, raisins, purple cabbage and eggplant.
Green: Fruits and vegetables in this group promote vision
health, strong bones and teeth and a reduction for the risk of some cancers.
This group includes: avocados, green apples, green grapes, limes, green
peppers, broccoli, green beans, cucumbers, celery, spinach, zucchini, peas and
leafy greens (lettuce).
White: Fruits and vegetables in this group promote heart
health and a lower risk of some cancers. This group includes: bananas,
cauliflower, mushrooms, onions, white corn and potatoes.
Yellow/Orange: These fruits and vegetables promote a healthy
immune system, heart health, vision health and a lower risk of some cancers.
This group includes: cantaloupe, grapefruit, lemon, mangoes, peaches,
pineapple, carrots, yellow peppers, sweet corn and oranges.
information can always be obtained at www.5aday.org
. There is a special section for educators.Additional ideas for conveying these messages to children are also
should strive for five fruits and vegetables a day. They can try to eat one
fruit or vegetable from each color group to make it easy to remember.It is not as important that students remember
how each fruit helps us stay healthy. It is most important that they increase
their fruit and vegetable intake and eat a variety of fruits and vegetables.
Learning Activity: Fruit and
Vegetable Line Up
• A variety of
fruits and vegetables
• Index cards
• 1 student worksheet per student
wash all fruits and vegetables and have the students wash their hands
before beginning this activity.
small samples of each fruit and vegetables for tasting and smelling
up each sample of fruit and vegetable.
each sample, you will need one whole example (for items with seeds you
will want to cut the whole sample in half so that the seeds are exposed)
and enough bite size taste and smell samples for each student.
to each sample, place an index card with the number of that particular
for yourself the name of the fruit or vegetable for each sample.
individually or in groups, have the students spend a few minutes with each
students’ worksheet, have the students record each sample’s outside color,
inside color, size & shape, inside texture, outside texture, taste and
whether or not it has seeds. Students should make a guess as to the
identity of each fruit and vegetable.Then, they can fill in the space that says “name” in the
all students have had a chance to record the data for each sample, pass
out the 5 classification charts titled “Discovering fruits & vegetables
through classification.”Using the
classification charts, have students identify the correct fruit or
vegetable, or confirm their guesses. These charts will show students how
to answer a question using deductive reasoning.
•Students are bound to use a
variety of adjectives to describe taste, texture, etc. Use this opportunity to
discuss synonyms and antonyms.
•Ask the students to bring in
fruits and vegetables that are culturally significant to them.