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Ninety percent of the blade tools found at Çatalhöyük were made of a black volcanic glass called obsidian. While the closest source of obsidian is Hasan Dag, a now-dormant volcano 200 kilometers northeast of the Çatalhöyük, much of the obsidian used in the prehistoric settlement came from farther away, in Eastern Turkey. This is an obsidian core found in Building 3, from which blades with very sharp edges could be flaked. Through various geochemical testing, it is possible to say precisely where this obsidian came from. Then it is up to the archaeologist to interpret how—by what social practice of exchange or direct acquisition—the obsidian reached its destination.
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