The students have already learned about how essential
nutrients are to our health (To Drink or
Not to Drink and Growing Essentials).They help our bodies function normally and
healthily.They learned that to get all
the nutrients our bodies need, we have to:
•Eat a variety of foods from all
five of the foods groups (Food Groups and
the Food Guide Pyramid)
•Eat a variety of fruits and
vegetables and get 5 to 9 servings a day (Fruits
and Vegetables Inside and Out & 5 to 9 a Day)
•Eat a healthy breakfast and eat
breakfast every day (The Importance of
healthy snacks (Snack Math)
•Read the nutrition label to ensure
that the foods we eat provide nutrients (Reading
•Drink Vitamin C-rich drinks, milk
and 100% fruit juice instead of sugary drinks (To Drink or Not to Drink)
•Hydrate our bodies with water (The Importance of Water)
What happens when we do not get the nutrients we need?
•Example: Without enough Vitamin C,
our immune system will be weak. We can’t fight off viruses or bacteria, such as
the common cold or an ear infection.
Without protein, we can’t build strong muscles.
There are lots of other examples.
What do the kids remember?
What happens when we don’t eat unhealthy foods in
moderation? In other words, what happens when we eat too much sugar, salt, fat
•Example: If we eat unhealthily and
do not exercise, we become overweight. Being overweight can lead to a variety
of health problems such as diabetes and heart disease.
•Example: Not eating a diet low in
sodium and cholesterol can lead to high cholesterol, high blood pressure and
Are all diseases caused by or a result of poor nutrition?
•NO! Many diseases have no relation
to nutrition. Eating healthily simply helps us survive and fight diseases if we
Some diseases are caused by a lack of physical activity or
using tobacco products.In the previous
physical activity and tobacco lessons, students have learned how it is everyone’s
responsibility to stay healthy.They
learned that to be healthy, we have to:
•Try to do high energy activities
everyday and in every season (Active
•Learn how to create a fitness
program so that we can include exercises that will help us to reach our target
heart rate (Cardiovascular Health)
•Do stretching as a low energy
activity as well as an exercise before or after high energy activities (Stretching)
•Refrain from using tobacco because
it has terrible outcomes (Why People Use
Tobacco Products, Negative Consequences of Tobacco Usage, and Talking to Peers
•Not smoke and refrain from being
in places where people are smoking (Smoking
Affects Physical Activity and Secondhand Smoke)
What happens when we do not get enough exercise?
•Example: Without enough exercise,
our body doesn’t move enough to get a good workout. We can become overweight or
•Example: Without exercise, we do
not work our hearts hard enough to reach the target heart rate.
What happens when we use tobacco products?
•Example: In other words, what
happens when we smoke cigarettes or cigars and chew tobacco?
There are lots of examples. What do
the kids remember?
Determining risk for
Explain to the children that eating well, being physically
active, and not using tobacco now can mean less chance for health conditions in
the future. Look at your parents or grandparents; do they have any health
conditions? Genetics can play a part in our chances for getting certain
disease.Genetics are characteristics
that we inherit from our parents. For example, your eye color, hair color and
height are probably similar to your parents’. Health conditions also run in
families.Parents pass on certain health
risks to their children. Being as healthy as possible can help us lower our
chances for many diseases.
It’s important to know
your risk factors and understand how eating healthy, being physically active,
and not using tobacco can help you now and later in life. To help with
this, students will do the family tree exercise and then research a condition
that someone in their family has that is affected by nutrition, physical
activity, or tobacco usage.Students
will also participate in creating a dish with their parents and present their
research at the pot-luck dinner.