Title: Early Explorers Subject/Course: Social Studies Unit # 2 Grade: 4 Time: 6 Weeks Designer(s): Jessica Box, Leila Siddiky, Jennifer Dahl Lasting Ideas & Results:
Students will understand that…
Various populations moved to the Americas
America was settled by people from Europe and Africa at this time
Exploration changed the population, society, economy and landscape of the Western Hemisphere
People used to believe that the world was flat; explorers discovered that the world is round
What motivates people to move?
How would life be different if we didn’t have transportation?
Desired Learner Outcomes:
Students will be able to...
Students will know...
Trace and describe routes of explorers
Motivations for exploration (gold, glory and God)
Analyze primary resources
Identify new technologies
Routes of early explorers
Analyze and explain effects of exploration
Nature of the trip
Identify areas of settlement
Identify latitude and longitude
Interactions between Native Americans and explorers
Places that were settled
Impact of exploration
4.3.4 Describe the aims, obstacles and accomplishments of the explorers, sponsors, and leaders of key European expeditions and the reasons Europeans chose to explore and colonize the world
4.3.6 Analyze the impact of exploration and settlement on the indigenous peoples and the environment
4.3 Students trace the routes of early explorers and describe the early explorations of the Americas
4.3.5 Identify the entrepreneurial characteristics of early explorers and the technological developments that made sea exploration by latitude and longitude possible
4.3.3 Locate the North, Central, Caribbean and South American land claimed by European countries
Describe Performance Tasks
Explain &/or Reference Criteria
You have been hired by Dutch East India Company to recruit sailors for the next trip to the unknown world. Create a poster that invites people to join the new exploration crew. Posters will be displayed.
Your poster needs to include motivations for joining an exploration, describe locations, incentives, risks and future prospects, be creative and well presented
You are a cartographer (map maker) in the 1600’s and the King of Spain has asked that you make a map of where all of the European explorers have traveled. Your map should include the route of at least 4 explorers. The map should include where they began their voyage, their stops, and their final destination. Each explorer’s route should have its own symbol in your map key. Your map must also have a compass rose, labeled continents and oceans, and labeled equator. Maps will be displayed and graded on a rubric.
Correctly labeled, a key identifies exploration routes and new settlements, identifies movement of multiple groups
Students research an explorer and in character, write a summary of the journey and the discoveries of the exploration, include aims, obstacles and motivations of the journey, present their findings in character (either in groups or to the whole class).
Accurate and thorough research, in character presentation, summarize journey, discuss aims, obstacles and motivations
Quizzes: explorers, routes, vocabulary
Procedures: 1. KWL Chart “What do you know about early explorers?” 2. Read “Life on an Explorer’s Ship” from ED Helper 3. Use True/False Anticipation Guide on how did early explorers navigate the unknown seas 4. Explore maps from early explorations New Found Lands: Maps in the History of Exploration by: Peter Whitfield ISBN#0-415-92026 [Includes maps and an explanation of why explorers explored] 5. Read “Lief Erickson” from EdHelper.com and complete comprehension questions/journaling activity. 6. Use world map to trace his route and identify the challenges he encountered on his journey. 7. Introduce Performance task: Recruitment Poster 8. Select and research an early explorer [Who? Where did they go? When? Who sent them? [use the concept wheel organizer] 9. Review World Geography - Use layered overheads to teach latitude and longitude, identify latitude and longitude - Equator - 7 continents and major oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic) 10. Quiz on early explorers and their explorations 11. Defending our land: the effect of exploration on native peoples (teacher selected trade books – see list below 12. Defend the explorers right to the new lands
Materials: Additional Trade Books:
Explorer ISBN# 0-679-8140-4 and 0-679-91460-9
Five Brave Explorers by: Wade Hudson ISBN# 0-590-48032-4
Magellan: A Voyage Around the World by: Fiona MacDonald ISBN# 0-53`-15341-X and 0-531-14454-2
Onward: A Photo biography of African American Polar Explorer Matthew Henson by: Dolores Johnson ISBN# 0-7922-7914-X
Explorers Who Got Lost by: Diane Sansevere Dreher ISBN#0-812-52038-6
Who Really Discovered America: Unraveling the Mystery and Solving the Puzzle by: Avery Hart ISBN# 1-885593-46-5
Voyages of Exploration by: Nick Arnold ISBN# 1-56847-368-0
Explorers and Mapmakers by: Peter Ryan ISBN# 0-525-67285-0
Scholastic Atlas of the World ISBN# 0-439-52797-X
America 1492 by Kids Discover Magazine
Other Resources: (not included in learning calendar)
Edhelper Unit on Explorers (timeline, biographies, reading passages)