Jessika Richter
(Lund  Sweden)<p>The short and sweet: I have been a passionate teacher since 2001. I first worked with the National Park Service in Washington (state), then moved to Australia where I completed my DipEd at the University of Melbourne and then taught at Hailebury ...
Fun with Fractions
Description:This unit will introduce the concept of fractions with activities and lessons that cater to visual, auditory, and tactile learning styles. Students will create fractions with a variety of manipulatives, solve problems with fractions, play games with fractions, and explore fractions in their everyday lives. The unit will also integrate language arts, as students write fraction stories and read literature related to fractions.
Students will gain an understanding of basic fractions, including 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, and whole. Students will learn key vocabulary words: whole, fraction, numerator, and denominator. Students will understand how fractions relate to their everyday lives.
Lessons include:
 Lesson #1: Introduce Whole and OneHalf
 Lesson #2: More about OneHalf
 Lesson #3: Practice with OneHalf
 Lesson #4: Introduce Numerator and Denominator
 Lesson #5: Going Beyond OneHalf
 Lesson #6: Making Fractions I
 Lesson #7: Making Fractions II
 Lesson #8: Comparing Fractions I
 Lesson #9: Comparing Fractions II
 Lesson #10: Fraction Bingo
 Lesson #11: Fraction Matching Game
 Lesson #12: Writing a Fraction Story I
 Lesson #13: Writing a Fraction Story II
Unit Resources include:
 Vocabulary Cards
 Problems of the Day
 Pizza CutOut Sheet
 OneHalf Practice Sheet
 Candy Activity Sheet
 Candy Fractions Activity Sheet
 Clay Fractions Activity Sheet
 Comparing Fractions Activity Sheet
 Fraction Circles
 Bingo Caller Cars
 Bingo Game Board
 Fraction Matching Game
 PreWriting Graphic Organizer
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Unit
 Contributed By: Melissa Webber
Fun with Fractions: Teacher’s Guide
Description:This guide provides an overview of the entire unit, including unit objectives, unit calendar, best practices, and standards.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Scope & Sequence
Unit Overview:
This unit will introduce the concept of fractions with activities and lessons that cater to visual, auditory, and tactile learning styles. Students will create fractions with a variety of manipulatives, solve problems with fractions, play games with fractions, and explore fractions in their everyday lives. The unit will also integrate language arts, as students write fraction stories and read literature related to fractions.
Unit Objectives:
Students will be able to:
· Explain the concept of whole and 1/2.
· Demonstrate whole and 1/2.
· Identify instances in their everyday lives that use fractions.
· Show fluency with 1/2.
· Identify numerator and denominator.
· Identify and write fractions 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, 1/10, 2/4, 2/6, 2/8, 3/4, 3/6, and 3/8.
· Compare fractions and explain why fractions are smaller or bigger than one another.
· Understand that bigger fractions have smaller denominators.
· Understand that two different fractions can equal one another.
· Identify written fractions.
· Apply fractions in a setting outside of mathematics.
· Write a complete story about fractions.
Unit Calendar:
Week 1
Monday 
Tuesday 
Wednesday 
Thursday 
Friday 
Lesson #1: Introduce Whole and OneHalf
35 minutes 
Lesson #2: More About OneHalf.
20 minutes 
Lesson #3: Practice with OneHalf
25 minutes 
Lesson #4: Introduce Numerator and Denominator
40 minutes 

Week 2
Monday 
Tuesday 
Wednesday 
Thursday 
Friday 
Lesson #5: Going Beyond OneHalf
40 minutes 
Lesson #6: Making Fractions I
40 minutes 
Lesson #7: Making Fractions II
30 minutes 
Lesson #8: Comparing Fractions I
35 minutes 

Week 3
Monday 
Tuesday 
Wednesday 
Thursday 
Friday 
Lesson #9: Comparing Fractions II
30 minutes 
Lesson #10: Fraction Bingo
30 minutes 
Lesson #11: Fraction Matching
30 minutes 
Lesson #12: Writing a Fraction Story I
30 minutes 
Lesson #13: Writing a Fraction Story II
30 minutes 
Best Practices:
· Organize Materials and Give Clear Instructions
Ø Use bins to have group sets of materials ready to hand out to students. Each bin should contain everything a group needs to successfully complete an activity or game.
Ø Give clear instructions for each and every task. No task is too small for instructions.
· Assign Jobs to Group Members
Ø Give each group member a specific task. For example, tell partners, “You are number one. You are number two. Number one will do this and number two will do this.”
· Allow Adequate Time for Exploration
Ø Put materials in front of students and give them three to five minutes to explore before beginning the experiment.
Ø Ask guiding questions such as: “What do you notice about the materials? How are they alike? How are they different?”
Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards
NCTM Number and Operations Standard:
· Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
· Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
NCTM Data and Analysis and Probability Standard:
· Pose questions and gather data about themselves and their surroundings.
NCTM Process Standard:
· Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.
· Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems.
· Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
· Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson #1: Introduce Whole and OneHalf
Description:This lesson will introduce students to the concept of fractions using a reallife example.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Cut out and laminate Vocabulary Cards for display in the classroom; (3) Photocopy Pizza CutOut Sheets (1 per student).
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Explain the concept of 1/2.
 Explain the concept of whole.
 Demonstrate 1/2.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Pizza CutOut Sheet (see attachment), Vocabulary Cards (see attachment), crayons, scissors, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Ask students: How did Isaiah and Brandon solve their problem? Possible answers: they shared; they cut the pizza into pieces. Make sure students understand the pieces were equal.
 Explain: Isaiah started out with a whole pizza. Display vocabulary card whole on the board. Explain whole.
 Next, explain: He divided his pizza into parts. Display vocabulary card part on the board. Explain part.
 Next display vocabulary card fraction on the board. Explain: A fraction is when you have parts of a whole. Isaiah ate part of the pizza so he ate a fraction of it. Brandon ate part of the pizza so he also ate a fraction of the pizza. Does anybody know what fraction of the pizza he ate? Elicit response onehalf. Display vocabulary card 1/2 on the board.
 Ask students: How many parts were there total? Explain: That is how we get the two for the bottom of the fraction onehalf. Then ask: How many parts did Isaiah eat? Explain: That is how we get the one for top of the fraction onehalf.
 Tell students: Now you are each going to get your own pizza to share. Distribute Pizza CutOut Sheet. Students should color their pizza, cut it out, cut it into two equal parts, and label each part onehalf.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor independent student work and provide oneonone assistance as necessary.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.
 Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson1Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #2: More About OneHalf
Description:This lesson will demonstrate how a fraction can represent a group of objects or a single object.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Cut out and laminate Vocabulary Cards for display in the classroom.
Group Size: Whole Class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Identify instances in their everyday lives that use fractions.
 Show fluency with onehalf by dividing whole objects and sets of objects into onehalf.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), chart paper, markers, overhead projector, classroom objects such as crayons, glue sticks, and pencils
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Write the number "1/2" on the board. Ask students: Do you remember what this is called?
 Tell Students: Remember, yesterday we divided a pizza into half. A pizza is just one thing. Today we divided pieces of candy into half. The candy was a group of objects. Fractions can be for one thing, like the pizza, or for a group of things, like the candy.
 Tell Students: Let’s continue practicing how to make onehalf. Hold up a group of six glue sticks and tell students: I have six glue sticks. I want to give half to Student A and half to Student B. Call two students to the front of the room. Have them help you divide the objects into half.
 Ask students: How many glue sticks are in each half? How do we know they are each half? Elicit response: Both students have three glue sticks.
 Hold up a group of eight crayons. Then hold up a group of ten pencils. Follow the same procedure as above for each group of objects, ensuring that students understand each group must be equal to make half.
 Tell students: Now we understand that we can make onehalf from a single object or from a group of objects. Let’s think about fractions that we see everyday. Display chart paper and label the top “Fractions Around Us”. Start the list with pizza. Then ask students to come up with other objects they can divide into fractions.
 Keep the list on display in the classroom for the remainder of the fraction unit.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation to ensure all students are participating.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
 Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson2Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #3: Practice with OneHalf
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to build proficiency with onehalf.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Photocopy OneHalf Practice Sheet (1 per student).
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Show fluency with onehalf by dividing whole objects and sets of objects into onehalf.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), “Fractions Around Us” Chart (from Lesson #2), Give me Half by Stuart J. Murphy, OneHalf Practice Sheet (see attachment), crayons, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Review the chart “Fractions Around Us” from the previous day. If students have any other ideas, add them to the list.
 Read the story Give me Half by Stuart J. Murphy out loud to the class. Ask students: What else can we cut in half or fold in half?
 Write the number "1/2" on the board. Ask students: Do you remember how we read this? Write the word "half" on the board. Ask students: Can anybody read this word? Write the word "onehalf" on the board. Ask students: Can anybody read this word? Explain to students: 1/2, half, and onehalf are all used in the same way. Half and onehalf are the same, and you will hear it said both ways.
 Tell students: Today, you are going to practice showing onehalf. Distribute OneHalf Practice Sheet and give direction orally. Allow students time to work independently.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor independent work to ensure all students are understanding the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
Lesson3Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #4: Introduce Numerator and Denominator
Description:This lesson will introduce the vocabulary words numerator and denominator.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Cut out and laminate Vocabulary Cards for display in the classroom; (3) Photocopy Candy Activity Sheet onto transparency paper for overhead projector; (4) Photocopy Candy Activity Sheet (1 per student).
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Identify Numerator and Denominator.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Vocabulary Cards (see attachment), Candy Activity Sheet (see attachment), Skittles candy, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Write the number "1/2" on the board. Ask students: Do you remember how we read this?
 Tell students: Now we will take a closer look at the fraction onehalf. The number on the top is called a numerator. Display vocabulary card numerator on the board. Tell students: The number on the bottom is called the denominator. Display vocabulary card denominator on the board.
 Explain to students: You can think of the line in the fraction as saying “out of”. So if you ate onehalf of a pizza you ate one out of two pieces of the pizza. The numerator, one, is the number you had, and the denominator, two, is the number of pieces total.
 Tell students: Now let’s practice numerator and denominator. Display Candy Activity Sheet on the overhead projector and show students five different colored Skittles candies.
 Tell students: Let’s think about how we can make fractions out of the Skittles. How many red skittles do you see? Write “1” on the Candy Activity Sheet. Tell students: I want you to think of the line in the fraction (point) as “out of”. So that would mean I have one red skittle out of how many skittles? Call on a student to answer.
 Tell students: Remember, the number on the bottom of the fraction is the TOTAL number that you have. That is the denominator.
 Repeat the same question sequence for each color until the example sheet is competed on the overhead projector.
 Tell Students: Now you are each going to get your own Skittles and worksheet to complete. Distribute supplies and give students time to work independently.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation and independent work to ensure all students are understanding the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
Lesson4Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #5: Going Beyond OneHalf
Description:This lesson will introduce students to the fractions 1/3, 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, and 1/10.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Photocopy Candy Fractions Activity Sheet (1 per student).
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Identify Numerator and Denominator.
 Identify and write fractions 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, and 1/10.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Candy Fractions Activity Sheet (see attachment), Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups (1 per 2 students), gummy worms (1 per 3 students), Kit Kat Bars (1 per 4 students), Hershey’s Bars (1 per 6 students), Fruit RollUps (1 per 8 students), licorice (1 per 10 students), overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Show students the candy they will taste. Tell students: Today, you will taste all of these candies. There is one problem. I do not have enough of each candy for everyone. What can we do to make sure everyone gets to taste each candy? Guide students to answer cut them into smaller pieces, so that each person gets a fraction.
 Distribute Candy Fractions Activity Sheet to each student.
 Call two students to the front of the room and show them a Reese’s Peanut Butter Cup. Ask students: How should we cut the candy? What fraction of the candy will each student eat? Repeat until each student has had a chance to come up and eat onehalf of a peanut butter cup. Direct students to complete appropriate section of the Candy Fractions Activity Sheet.
 Call three students to the front of the room and show them a gummy worm. Ask students: How should we cut the candy? What fraction of the candy will each student eat? Repeat until each student has had a chance to come up and eat onethird of a gummy worm. Direct students to complete appropriate section of the Candy Fractions Activity Sheet.
 Repeat the same procedure for each of the remaining candies, dividing the Kit Kat bars into fourths, Hershey bars into sixths, the Fruit RollUps into eighths, and the licorice into tenths.
 Direct students to finish completing the remainder of the Candy Fraction Activity Sheet.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation and independent work to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.
 Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
 Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson5Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #6: Making Fractions I
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to build proficiency with fractions over onehalf.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Cut out and laminate Vocabulary Cards for display in the clasroom; (3) Photocopy Clay Fractions Activity Sheet (1 per student).
Group Size: Partners
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Identify Numerator and Denominator.
 Identify and write fractions 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, and 1/10.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Clay Fractions Activity Sheet (see attachment), Vocabulary Cards (see attachment), overhead projector, clay or PlayDoh, toothpicks (1 per 2 students)
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Divide students into partners. Within each partner group, designate a Partner 1 and a Partner 2. Explain to students they should assist their partner when it is not their turn to solve the problem.
 Display Vocabulary Cards Fraction, Numerator, and Denominator on the board.
 Distribute a handful of clay and a toothpick to each group. Instruct students to shape clay into a flat square.
 Tell students: Now I want you to divide your clay into half. Ask students: What is the fraction? Call on one student to write "1/2" on the board. Tell students: Use your toothpick to write onehalf on each piece of your clay. Now ask students: What is the numerator? What is the denominator?
 Remind students to switch partners and tell them: Next make a flat circle with your clay. Then repeat the same question sequence with onethird.
 Remind students to switch partners and thell them: Make a flat square again with your clay. Repeat the same question sequence for onefourth.
 Continuing with a square shape, repeat the same procedure with onesixth, oneeighth, and onetenth.
 Collect clay and toothpicks from students and distribute Clay Fractions Activity Sheet. Instruct students to work with their partner to draw the fractions they just modeled with their clay.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation and independent work to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
Lesson6Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #7: Making Fractions II
Description:This lesson will give students another chance to build proficiency with fractions over onehalf.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Cut out 6” squares of construction paper (10 per student)
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Identify Numerator and Denominator.
 Identify and write fractions 1/2, 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, 2/4, 2/6, 2/8, 3/4, 3/6, 3/8.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), construction paper, crayons, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Distribute construction paper squares and crayons to students.
 Tell students: Put your paper squares in the corner of your desk. Choose one square to use first and put it in front of you.
 Give students directions: Fold your paper in half. What fraction is this? Give students time to answer. Then direct students to color in onehalf and label that part “1/2”.
 Tell students: Now that we have made onehalf, let’s make another fraction. Put another piece of paper in front of you. Fold it in half. Then fold it in half again. Teacher should demonstrate. Ask students: What fraction is this? Give students time to answer. Then direct students to color in onefourth and label that part “1/4”. Ask students: What is the numerator? What is the denominator?
 Continue with the same directions and questions for the remainder of eight squares of construction paper, using the fractions 1/6, 1/8, 2/4, 2/6, 2/8, 3/4, 3/6, and 3/8.
 As students color and write each fraction, ask: What is the numerator? What is the denominator?
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation and independent work to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
Lesson7Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #8: Comparing Fractions I
Description:This lesson will introduce students to comparing fractions and using greater than and less than with fractions.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Cut out and laminate Vocabulary Cards for display in the classroom; (3) Assemble Fraction Circles (1 per student); (4) Photocopy Comparing Fractions Practice Sheet (1 per student).
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Compare fractions and explain why fractions are smaller or bigger than one another.
 Understand that bigger fractions have smaller denominators.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Fraction Circles (see attachment), Comparing Fractions Practice Sheet (see attachment), Gator Pie by Louise Matthews, Vocabulary Cards (see attachment), overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards draw a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Distribute Fraction Circles and show students how to use them.
 Tell students: I am going to read you a story. I want you to pretend that you are an alligator in the story. Every time the pie in the story is cut, I want you to use your Fraction Circle to show me how much of the pie you would get to eat. Read the story Gator Pie out loud to students.
 Pause while reading to ask students: How much of the pie would you get to eat? What is the fraction? Call on a student to come write the correct fraction on the board. Repeat this questioning each time the pie in the story is cut.
 When the story is finished, ask students: Did you get more or less of the pie as the story went on? Would you rather share with two people or with twelve people? What happens to the denominator? Make sure that students understand as the denominator gets bigger, their share gets smaller.
 Display Vocabulary Cards > and < on the board. Review the meaning with students.
 Use two fractions from the story to practice using > and <. For example, put "1/2" and "1/12" on the board and have students use > and < to show which piece of pie would be bigger. Continue with three or four more examples from the story.
 Tell students: Now you are going to get to try this on your own. Distribute Comparing Fractions Practice Sheet to students and instruct them to fill in the blank with > or < for each problem.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation and independent work to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Pose questions and gather data about themselves and their surroundings.
 Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.
Lesson8Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #9: Comparing Fractions II
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to build proficiency with comparing fractions and introduce them to the idea that fractions can be equal.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector.
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Compare fractions and explain why fractions are smaller or bigger than one another.
 Understand that bigger fractions have smaller denominators.
 Understand that two different fractions can equal one another.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), “Fractions Around Us” Chart (from Lesson #2), paper plates (3 per student), rulers, red crayons, blue crayons, green crayons, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards drawing a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Review the chart “Fractions Around Us” from Lesson #2. If students have any other ideas, add them to the list.
 Tell students: We all know that one place we see fractions is pizza. Today, we are going to practice fractions with pizza.
 Distribute paper plates, crayons, and rulers to students.
 Direct students to mark the center of a paper plate with a dot and then to use a ruler to draw a line across the plate. Ask students: How should we label the parts of the plate? Instruct student to label each part with “1/2” and to color in one part with a red crayon.
 Direct students to mark the center of the second paper plate with a dot and to use a ruler to divide the plate into fourths. Ask students: How should we label the parts of the plate? Instruct students to label each part with “1/4” and to color in one part with a red crayon.
 Direct students to mark the center of the third paper plate with a dot and to use a ruler to divide the plate into eighths. Ask students: How should we label the parts of the plate? Instruct students to label each part with “1/8” and to color in one part with a red crayon.
 Have students look at all three plates. Ask them: Which piece of pizza is the biggest? Which is the smallest? What happens to the size of the pizza slice as the denominator gets bigger?
 Tell students: Look at your pizza that is divided into fourths. Take a green crayon and color in onefourth green. Once students have done that, ask them: Look at your fourths pizza again. It looks like twofourths is the same as what other piece of pizza? Make sure students understand that twofourths is the same as onehalf. Write “2/4 = 1/2” on the board.
 Tell students: Look at your pizza that is divided into eighths. Take a green crayon and color in oneeighth green. Once students have done that, ask them: Look at your eighths pizza again. It looks like twoeighths is the same as what other piece of pizza? Make sure students understand that twoeighths is the same as onefourth. Write “2/8 = 1/4” on the board.
 Tell students: Take a look at onehalf and one fourth. What can we say about those two fractions? Guide students towards the answer, and write “1/2 > 1/4” on the board. Ask students: What do you notice about the size of the fraction as the denominator gets bigger?
 Continue asking questions, making comparisons, and writing them on the board until students understand.
 Challenge students to come up with their own comparisons.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation and independent work to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Pose questions and gather data about themselves and their surroundings.
 Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.
 Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson9Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #10: Fraction Bingo
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to review the unit concepts and build proficiency with fractions.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Activity: Game
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Photocopy Bingo Game Board (1 per student); (3) Photocopy Bingo Caller Cards (1 per small group).
Group Size: Small groups
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Read fractions and identify written fractions.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Bingo Game Board (see attachment), Bingo Caller Cards (see attachment); paper markers or pennies, scissors, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards drawing a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Distribute a Bingo Game Board to each student. Explain to students: Today you will be playing Bingo with fractions. First, we need to fill out our game boards.
 Call out fractions from Bingo Caller Cards and show students how to put a fraction inside each square of their game board. Make sure students understand to place fractions randomly around the game board and not in order so that each player’s board is different.
 Divide students into small groups of four or five. Give each group a designated area of the classroom to play the game.
 Distribute one set of Bingo Caller Cards, a pair of scissors, and a handful of bingo markers to each group. Direct students to cut apart Bingo Caller Cards.
 Remind students how to play Bingo if necessary.
 Give groups time to play the game. Each student in the group should have one turn to be the caller.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
Lesson10Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #11: Fraction Matching Game
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to review the unit concepts and build proficiency with fractions.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Activity: Game
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Photocopy Fraction Matching Game (1 per 2 students).
Group Size: Partners
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Read fractions and identify written fractions.
Problem of the Day (see attachment), Fraction Matching Game (see attachment), scissors, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards drawing a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Divide students into groups of two. Distribute one Fraction Matching Game to each set of partners.
 Direct students to cut apart game pieces.
 Remind students of the rules to play Memory. Lay out the cards, face down. Students take turns flipping over two cards to try to match the written fraction with the picture of the same fraction. When a student makes a match, he keeps the cards. The student with the most cards at the end is the winner.
 When the game ends, have students mix up the cards, switch partners, and play again.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student participation to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Number and Operations Standard:
 Understand and represent commonly used fractions, such as 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2.
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
Lesson11Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #12: Writing a Fraction Story I
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to review unit concepts and practice writing skills.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Language Arts
 Language Arts > Writing
 ...
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (2) Photocopy the PreWriting Graphic Organizer onto transparency paper for the overhead projector; (3) Photocopy PreWriting Graphic Organizer (1 per student).
Group Size: Whole class
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Apply fractions in a setting outside of mathematics.
 Write a complete story about fractions.
Problem of the Day, PreWriting Graphic Organizer, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards drawing a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Tell students: Today you are going to write stories. Each of your stories will have fractions in them. Does anybody have any ideas for a story with fractions? Call on students who volunteer ideas.
 Tell students: Before we begin writing, let’s remember the writing process. Review PreWriting, Editing, and Final Copy with the students.
 Tell students: Today we will begin with prewriting. We are going to get our ideas down on paper. I will show you my story first. Display PreWriting Graphic Organizer on the overhead projector.
 Do an example of prewriting with the class, asking for students’ ideas and input.
 Tell students: Now you will each to get to do your own prewriting. Remember, your story should be different from my story. You need to come up with your own ideas for a fraction story.
 Distribute PreWriting Graphic Organizer to students and give them time fill in the blanks.
 When students are finished working, collect papers for use the next day.
Assessment:
Teacher should monitor student work to ensure all students understand the concept.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Process Standard:
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
 Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson12Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Lesson #13: Writing a Fraction Story II
Description:This lesson will give students a chance to review unit concepts and practice writing skills.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Language Arts
 Language Arts > Writing
 ...
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Curriculum: Lesson Plan
Prior to beginning the lesson: (1) Photocopy the Problem of the Day onto transparency paper for the overhead projector.
Group Size: Partners
Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to:
 Apply fractions in a setting outside of mathematics.
 Write a complete story about fractions.
Problem of the Day, PreWriting Graphic Organizer (from Lesson #12), writing paper, overhead projector
Procedures:
Lesson Introduction: Display Problem of the Day on the overhead projector. Ask students: What strategy should we use to solve this problem? Guide them towards drawing a picture. Solve the problem together as a class. Students can copy problem and solution into math notebooks.
 Tell students: Today you are going to continue working on your fraction stories.
 Tell students: Before we begin today, let's remember the writing process. Review prewriting, editing, and final copy. Tell students: Today we will be doing editing.
 Distribute PreWriting Graphic Organizer from the previous lesson and instruct students to copy their stories onto writing paper.
 Divide students into partners, and give partners time to read one another’s stories and make corrections.
 While students are working in partners, the teacher should individually conference with each student about their stories.
 Give students more time to make a final copy and to illustrate their fraction story.
Modifications: For students with special needs, allow for extra time.
Benchmark or Standards:
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Process Standard:
 Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
 Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Lesson13Resources.FunwithFractions.pdf 
Unit Resources (Printables)
Description:This folder contains all printable resources for Fun with Fractions, including Problems of the Day, Practice Sheets, Games, and Vocabulary Cards.
This resource is part of the Fun with Fractions collection.
Last Updated:
Subject(s): Mathematics
 Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations
 KindergartenGrade 2 / Ages 57
 primary
 elementary
 1st
 2nd
 Asset: Index/List