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Laurah Jurca
Laurah Jurca
(Laurel - United States)

<p>I currently serve as an ESOL Coach for my school district in Maryland. I work with both ESOL and mainstream teachers to help them improve the quality of their instruction for their English language learners. During my career, I have taught grades k-8,  ...

Week 2: The Inner and Outer Planets

Week 2 Day 2: Mars

Introduction:
Anticipatory set: (Whole Group) The newest frontier for our Space program is the exploration of Mars. Why would scientist choose Mars to study? Display the following website about Mars which gives a short history of the exploration of the planet.

http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/video/flash/journeytomars.html


Group Size: Small groups

Learning Objectives:
The students will explore facts about Mars .
The students will make connections between and the text they read and the world around them.

Guiding Question:
Is Mars inhabitable? Why?
What is Mars composed of?
Why are we investing so much time into studying Mars?


Materials:
Earth and Space, Usborne Internet Linked Library of Science by Laura Howell, Kirsteen Rogers, and Corinne Henderson

Nicenet:

Mars http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/

Mars Rover: http://marsrover.nasa.gov/home/index.html

Photo Tour of the Universe http://www.cascaeducation.ca/files/tourUniverse/tourUniverse.html

Windows to the Universe http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/our_solar_system/solar_system.html&edu=high

Planet Info. http://www.nineplanets.org/

Interactive Space Map http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/playspace/spacemap/index.shtml

Ask an astronomer http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/AskKids/index.shtml

Planet Size Comparison http://btc.montana.edu/messenger/Interactives/ANIMATIONS/Planet_Size_Comparison/planet_size_comparison_full.htm


Procedures:

  1. Allow group 2 to head to Nicenet and explore the websites about planets listed above
  2. Have group 2 answer the guided questions listed above on Nicenet.
  3. Complete Small Group Mini-lesson below.
  4. Switch groups and repeat procedure after 30-45 minutes.
Embedded Guided Reading Lesson

Text to World is a skill that we use when reading that helps us connect something we read to something currently happening in the world. Mars is the perfect topic for this skill because it is often in the news due to the past and upcoming missions. This connection between text and the world helps us recall facts faster and gives our something familiar to attach new information to. As we read the page 19 on Mars in group today we are going to take notes using this planet graphic organizer then we will double check our facts on the links posted on nicenet. Have them read the page on Mars quietly to themselves and fill out their organizer. During this time you can check in with individual students that may need help with the text or visit with the students at Nicenet quickly. After they finish reading share what they have found in small group and answer the guiding science questions listed above.


Assessment:
Pass out Planet information graphic organizer.

Answer Key or Rubric:
Answer Key included on attachment.


Benchmark or Standards:
Science Standards: National Science Education Standards
Earth and Space Science
Content Standard D
As a result of their activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop an understanding of
• Structure of the earth system
• Earth's history
• Earth in the solar system

Reading Standards: The National Council of Teachers of English

NL-ENG.K-12.4 COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

NL-ENG.K-12.8 DEVELOPING RESEARCH SKILLS
Students use a variety of technological and information resources to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.

NL-ENG.K-12.1 READING FOR PERSPECTIVE
Students read a wide range of print and non-print texts to build an understanding of texts. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts.

Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and non-print texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.

Attached Files:

    planetorganizer.doc 

Week 2, Day 4: Uranus and Neptune

Introduction:

Aniticipatory Set: The next two outer planets are Uranus and Neptune. They are called the gas giants. What earned them that name?


Group Size: Small groups

Learning Objectives:
The students will discover the difference between the inner and outer planets.

The students will compare and contrast Uranus and Neptune.

The students will analyze why the rotation and orbit of Uranus are different from the other planets.

The students will practice note taking skills.

Guiding Question: (posted to nicenet in the conferencing section)
How are the first outer planets different from the inner planets?

What are the differences between Uranus and Neptune? What are some distinguishing details about each one?

Why is the orbit and rotation of Uranus so different? What do scientists think happened?


Materials:
Earth and Space, Usborne Internet Linked Library of Science by Laura Howell, Kirsteen Rogers, and Corinne Henderson

Nicenet:


 

Photo Tour of the Universe http://www.cascaeducation.ca/files/tourUniverse/tourUniverse.html

Windows to the Universe http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/our_solar_system/solar_system.html&edu=high

Planet Info. http://www.nineplanets.org/

Interactive Space Map http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/playspace/spacemap/index.shtml

Ask an astronomer http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/AskKids/index.shtml

Planet Size Comparison http://btc.montana.edu/messenger/Interactives/ANIMATIONS/Planet_Size_Comparison/planet_size_comparison_full.htm


Procedures:

  1. After anticipatory set send group 2 to nicenet with their planet organizer (planetorganizer.doc) to continue taking notes.
  2. Group 1 meets with the teacher and reads the pages on Uranus and Neptune on Earth and Space. They will begin to use the note taking graphic organizer for today and tomorrow. notetaking.doc
  3. After 30-45 minutes switch groups.
Embedded Guided Reading Lesson:

Yesterday we wrote down some questions we had. Who has found the answers to their questions on the internet? Was it a reliable source? How do we know? Did each of you record where you found your answer? Where else could we look to found out if we didn't? Did anyone find a discrepency in answers they found? Share some of the more meaningful questions and answers from the group. In group we are going to read pages 24 and 25 on Uranus and Neptune. Let's compare the information we found to what we read today. Have them read the pages quietly to themselves and fill out their organizer. During this time you can check in with individual students that may need help with the text or visit with the students at Nicenet quickly. After they finish reading share what they have found in small group and answer the guiding science questions listed above.


Assessment:
Solar System Graphic Organizer planetorganizer.doc

Note Taking Organizer notetaking.doc

Answer Key or Rubric:
Answer key included in attatchment.


Benchmark or Standards:
Science Standards: National Science Education Standards
Earth and Space Science
Content Standard D
As a result of their activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop an understanding of
• Structure of the earth system
• Earth's history
• Earth in the solar system

Reading Standards: The National Council of Teachers of English

NL-ENG.K-12.4 COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

NL-ENG.K-12.8 DEVELOPING RESEARCH SKILLS
Students use a variety of technological and information resources to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.

NL-ENG.K-12.1 READING FOR PERSPECTIVE
Students read a wide range of print and non-print texts to build an understanding of texts. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts.

Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and non-print texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.


Attached Files:

    planetorganizer.doc 

notetaking.doc