Type:

Other

Description:

This document serves as background information for those teachers who are new to teaching science, as well as for any teacher that feels he or she needs a little reminder about the goals and terminology of the scientific process. Curriki community members are encouraged to edit this resource to include their own expertise!

Subjects:

  • Science > General
  • Science > Earth Science
  • Science > General Science
  • Science > History of Science
  • Science > Physical Sciences
  • Science > Process Skills

Education Levels:

  • Grade 3
  • Grade 4
  • Grade 5
  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8
  • Grade 9
  • Grade 10
  • Professional Education & Development

Keywords:

science fair scientific method inquiry variables independent dependent web analysis

Language:

English

Access Privileges:

Public - Available to anyone

License Deed:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Update Standards?

SCI.5.3.A: Science

in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student;

SCI.9-10.3.A: Science

in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student;
Curriki Rating
On a scale of 0 to 3
3
On a scale of 0 to 3

This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 3, as of 2009-02-23.

Component Ratings:

Technical Completeness: 3
Content Accuracy: 3
Appropriate Pedagogy: 0

Reviewer Comments:

The scientific method is too often mistaken for inquiry-based learning. In this resource, text and illustrations compare inquiry science with the scientific method. The user who nominated this resource makes the comment that “more inquiry in lower elementary would lead to increased understanding of use of AND interest in using the scientific method in later years. Life long learners inquire before they investigate and experiment.” The resource goes on to define independent and dependent variables and address the necessity of a controlled experiment. There is ample room for the Curriki community to add their own hints and tips to this helpful resource.
member-name
Virginia Malone
August 13, 2009

I would suggest that on the kid friendly graphic all of the arrows be double. As it appears that a hypothesis is required and once that is done the process is linear, with new questions posed at any step, but following the original design always leads to a conclusion.. It is possible that after designing an experiment and beginning to collect data, the design is modified. Also I think it is important to understand than many scientists work from a hypothesis rather than a question.

I would also make it more apparent that there are other scientific methods that do not use controlled experiments.

In the other hints sections you might add
3. Collect detailed observations.- Some scientific investigations use detailed qualitative observations rather than quantitative (measurable) date. These are especially important in behavioral field studies. There may or may not be an experiment with these types of studies.
4. Collect gross observations - Some scientific investigations use more comprehensive views. This is especially important in geological field studies, where one is trying to get the big picture. The experiments may occur after the observations if a model is developed. The model may be investigated but not the actual earth process. Models may also be verified with numeric data which is the case of the interior of Earth. Data that does not fit the current model, if repeatable, means the model has to be modified. The types of investigations involving models are often used in studies of things that are are too big, too small, too fast, too slow such as evolution, star formation, atomic structure, motions of planets, etc.


member-name
Thilini Ishaka
August 12, 2009

good

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