Type:

Unit

Description:

This semester of science focuses on a linear exploration of our universe. Students begin by exploring the history of astronomical thought, our current understanding of the universe, the structure of the solar system, and ending with a study of our home planet, Earth.

Subjects:

  • Science > General
  • Science > Astronomy
  • Science > Earth Science
  • Science > General Science
  • Science > History of Science
  • Science > Physics

Education Levels:

  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8

Keywords:

Astronomy History of Science Earth Science

Language:

English

Access Privileges:

Members

License Deed:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Update Standards?

SCI.8.PC.1.a: Science

Students know position is defined in relation to some choice of a standard reference point and a set of reference directions.

SCI.8.PC.1.b: Science

Students know that average speed is the total distance traveled divided by the total time elapsed and that the speed of an object along the path traveled can vary.

SCI.8.PC.1.c: Science

Students know how to solve problems involving distance, time, and average speed.

SCI.8.PC.1.d: Science

Students know the velocity of an object must be described by specifying both the direction and the speed of the object.

SCI.8.PC.1.e: Science

Students know changes in velocity may be due to changes in speed, direction, or both.

SCI.8.PC.1.f: Science

Students know how to interpret graphs of position versus time and graphs of speed versus time for motion in a single direction.

SCI.8.PC.2.a: Science

Students know a force has both direction and magnitude.

SCI.8.PC.2.b: Science

Students know when an object is subject to two or more forces at once, the result is the cumulative effect of all the forces.

SCI.8.PC.2.c: Science

Students know when the forces on an object are balanced, the motion of the object does not change.

SCI.8.PC.2.d: Science

Students know how to identify separately the two or more forces that are acting on a single static object, including gravity, elastic forces due to tension or compression in matter, and friction.

SCI.8.PC.2.e: Science

Students know that when the forces on an object are unbalanced, the object will change its velocity (that is, it will speed up, slow down, or change direction).

SCI.8.PC.2.f: Science

Students know the greater the mass of an object, the more force is needed to achieve the same rate of change in motion.

SCI.8.PC.2.g: Science

Students know the role of gravity in forming and maintaining the shapes of planets, stars, and the solar system.

SCI.8.PC.4.a: Science

Students know galaxies are clusters of billions of stars and may have different shapes.

SCI.8.PC.4.b: Science

Students know that the Sun is one of many stars in the Milky Way galaxy and that stars may differ in size, temperature, and color.

SCI.8.PC.4.c: Science

Students know how to use astronomical units and light years as measures of distances between the Sun, stars, and Earth.

SCI.8.PC.4.d: Science

Students know that stars are the source of light for all bright objects in outer space and that the Moon and planets shine by reflected sunlight, not by their own light.

SCI.8.PC.4.e: Science

Students know the appearance, general composition, relative position and size, and motion of objects in the solar system, including planets, planetary satellites, comets, and asteroids.

SC.C.1.3.1: Science

knows that the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.

SC.E.1.3.1: Science

understands the vast size of our Solar System and the relationship of the planets and their satellites.

SC.E.1.3.2: Science

knows that available data from various satellite probes show the similarities and differences among planets and their moons in the Solar System.

SC.E.1.3.3: Science

understands that our sun is one of many stars in our galaxy.

SC.E.1.3.4: Science

knows that stars appear to be made of similar chemical elements, although they differ in age, size, temperature, and distance.

SC.E.2.3.1: Science

knows that thousands of other galaxies appear to have the same elements, forces, and forms of energy found in our Solar System.

SCI.6.SC.6.N.2.A: Science

Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, and is appropriate for understanding the natural world, but it provides only a limited understanding of the supernatural, aesthetic, or other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, or religion.

SCI.6.SC.6.N.2.B: Science

Scientific knowledge is durable and robust, but open to change.

SCI.6.SC.6.N.2.C: Science

Because science is based on empirical evidence it strives for objectivity, but as it is a human endeavor the processes, methods, and knowledge of science include subjectivity, as well as creativity and discovery.

SCI.6.SC.6.N.2.1: Science

Distinguish science from other activities involving thought.

SCI.6.SC.6.N.2.2: Science

Explain that scientific knowledge is durable because it is open to change as new evidence or interpretations are encountered.

SCI.6.SC.6.N.2.3: Science

Recognize that scientists who make contributions to scientific knowledge come from all kinds of backgrounds and possess varied talents, interests, and goals.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.12.A: Science

Motion is a key characteristic of all matter that can be observed, described, and measured.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.12.B: Science

The motion of objects can be changed by forces.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.12.1: Science

Measure and graph distance versus time for an object moving at a constant speed. Interpret this relationship.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.13.A: Science

It takes energy to change the motion of objects.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.13.B: Science

Energy change is understood in terms of forces--pushes or pulls.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.13.C: Science

Some forces act through physical contact, while others act at a distance.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.13.1: Science

Investigate and describe types of forces including contact forces and forces acting at a distance, such as electrical, magnetic, and gravitational.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.13.2: Science

Explore the Law of Gravity by recognizing that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object and that the force depends on how much mass the objects have and how far apart they are.

SCI.6.SC.6.P.13.3: Science

Investigate and describe that an unbalanced force acting on an object changes its speed, or direction of motion, or both.

SCI.7.SC.7.N.2.A: Science

Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, and is appropriate for understanding the natural world, but it provides only a limited understanding of the supernatural, aesthetic, or other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, or religion.

SCI.7.SC.7.N.2.B: Science

Scientific knowledge is durable and robust, but open to change.

SCI.7.SC.7.N.2.C: Science

Because science is based on empirical evidence it strives for objectivity, but as it is a human endeavor the processes, methods, and knowledge of science include subjectivity, as well as creativity and discovery.

SCI.7.SC.7.N.2.1: Science

Identify an instance from the history of science in which scientific knowledge has changed when new evidence or new interpretations are encountered.

SCI.8.SC.8.N.2.A: Science

Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, and is appropriate for understanding the natural world, but it provides only a limited understanding of the supernatural, aesthetic, or other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, or religion.

SCI.8.SC.8.N.2.B: Science

Scientific knowledge is durable and robust, but open to change.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.1: Science

Recognize that there are enormous distances between objects in space and apply our knowledge of light and space travel to understand this distance.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.2: Science

Recognize that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and that each galaxy contains many billions of stars.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.3: Science

Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.4: Science

Explore the Law of Universal Gravitation by explaining the role that gravity plays in the formation of planets, stars, and solar systems and in determining their motions.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.5: Science

Describe and classify specific physical properties of stars: apparent magnitude (brightness), temperature (color), size, and luminosity (absolute brightness).

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.6: Science

Create models of solar properties including: rotation, structure of the Sun, convection, sunspots, solar flares, and prominences.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.7: Science

Compare and contrast the properties of objects in the Solar System including the Sun, planets, and moons to those of Earth, such as gravitational force, distance from the Sun, speed, movement, temperature, and atmospheric conditions.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.8: Science

Compare various historical models of the Solar System, including geocentric and heliocentric.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.9.1: Science

the Sun on the Earth including seasons and gravitational attraction

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.9.2: Science

the Moon on the Earth, including phases, tides, and eclipses, and the relative position of each body.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.10: Science

Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.11: Science

Identify and compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum such as wavelength, frequency, use, and hazards and recognize its application to an understanding of planetary images and satellite photographs.

SCI.8.SC.8.E.5.12: Science

Summarize the effects of space exploration on the economy and culture of Florida.

SCI.1.1.01.a: Science

Air.

SCI.1.1.01.b: Science

Water.

SCI.1.1.01.c: Science

Light.

SCI.1.1.01.d: Science

Space.

SCI.1.1.02.a: Science

Air.

SCI.1.1.02.b: Science

Water.

SCI.1.1.02.c: Science

Food.

SCI.1.1.02.d: Science

Shelter.

SCI.1.1.02.e: Science

Space.

SCI.1.1.03: Science

Observe the ways in which humans are similar to other organisms.

SCI.1.1.04: Science

Identify local environments that support the needs of common North Carolina plants and animals.

SCI.1.1.05: Science

Discuss the wide variety of living things on Earth.

SCI.1.2.01.a: Science

Color.

SCI.1.2.01.b: Science

Hardness.

SCI.1.2.01.c: Science

Shape.

SCI.1.2.01.d: Science

Size.

SCI.1.2.02: Science

Describe rocks and other earth materials in more than one way, using student-made rules.

SCI.1.2.03: Science

Observe the various components that combine to make soil.

SCI.1.2.04: Science

Compare the components of soil samples from different places.

SCI.1.2.05: Science

Explore where useful earth materials are found and how they are used.

SCI.1.3.01: Science

Describe the differences in the properties of solids and liquids.

SCI.1.3.02: Science

Investigate several ways in which objects can be described, sorted or classified.

SCI.1.3.03.a: Science

Color.

SCI.1.3.03.b: Science

Texture.

SCI.1.3.03.c: Science

Shape (ability to roll or stack).

SCI.1.3.03.d: Science

Ability to float or sink in water.

SCI.1.3.04.a: Science

Color.

SCI.1.3.04.b: Science

Ability to float or sink in water.

SCI.1.3.04.c: Science

Tendency to flow.

SCI.1.3.05.a: Science

Solids with solids.

SCI.1.3.05.b: Science

Liquids with liquids.

SCI.1.3.05.c: Science

Solids with liquids.

SCI.1.4.01: Science

Describe different ways in which objects can be moved.

SCI.1.4.02: Science

Observe that movement of an object can be affected by pushing or pulling.

SCI.1.4.03: Science

Investigate and observe that objects can move steadily or change direction.

SCI.1.4.04: Science

Observe and describe balance as a function of position and weight.

SCI.1.4.05: Science

Describe and observe systems that are unstable and modify them to reach equilibrium.

SCI.2.1.01.a: Science

Birth.

SCI.2.1.01.b: Science

Developing into an adult.

SCI.2.1.01.c: Science

Reproducing.

SCI.2.1.01.d: Science

Aging and death.

SCI.2.1.02: Science

Observe that insects need food, air and space to grow.

SCI.2.1.03: Science

Observe the different stages of an insect life cycle.

SCI.2.1.04: Science

Compare and contrast life cycles of other animals such as mealworms, ladybugs, crickets, guppies or frogs.

SCI.2.2.01: Science

Investigate and describe how moving air interacts with objects.

SCI.2.2.02: Science

Observe the force of air pressure pushing on objects.

SCI.2.2.03.a: Science

Temperature.

SCI.2.2.03.b: Science

Wind direction.

SCI.2.2.03.c: Science

Wind speed.

SCI.2.2.03.d: Science

Precipitation.

SCI.2.2.04.a: Science

Wind vane and anemometer.

SCI.2.2.04.b: Science

Thermometer.

SCI.2.2.04.c: Science

Rain gauge.

SCI.2.2.05: Science

Discuss and determine how energy from the sun warms the land, air and water.

SCI.2.2.06: Science

Observe and record weather changes over time and relate to time of day and time of year.

SCI.2.3.01.a: Science

Solid.

SCI.2.3.01.b: Science

Liquid.

SCI.2.3.01.c: Science

Gas.

SCI.2.3.02: Science

Observe changes in state due to heating and cooling of common materials.

SCI.2.3.03: Science

Explain how heat is produced and can move from one material or object to another.

SCI.2.3.04: Science

Show that solids, liquids and gases can be characterized by their properties.

SCI.2.3.05: Science

Investigate and observe how mixtures can be made by combining solids, liquids or gases and how they can be separated again.

SCI.2.3.06: Science

Observe that a new material is made by combining two or more materials with properties different from the original material.

SCI.2.4.01: Science

Demonstrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and vibrating columns of air.

SCI.2.4.02: Science

Show how the frequency can be changed by altering the rate of the vibration

SCI.2.4.03: Science

Show how the frequency can be changed by altering the size and shape of a variety of instruments.

SCI.2.4.04: Science

Show how the human ear detects sound by having a membrane that vibrates when sound reaches it.

SCI.2.4.05: Science

Observe and describe how sounds are made by using a variety of instruments and other "sound makers" including the human vocal cords.

SCI.5.1.01: Science

Describe and compare several common ecosystems (communities of organisms and their interaction with the environment).

SCI.5.1.02.a: Science

Producers.

SCI.5.1.02.b: Science

Consumers.

SCI.5.1.02.c: Science

Decomposers.

SCI.5.1.03: Science

Explain why an ecosystem can support a variety of organisms.

SCI.5.1.04: Science

Discuss and determine the role of light, temperature, and soil composition in an ecosystem's capacity to support life.

SCI.5.1.05: Science

Determine the interaction of organisms within an ecosystem.

SCI.5.1.06.a: Science

Habitat reduction due to development.

SCI.5.1.06.b: Science

Pollutants.

SCI.5.1.06.c: Science

Increased nutrients.

SCI.5.1.07: Science

Determine how materials are recycled in nature.

SCI.5.2.01.a: Science

Water and Ice.

SCI.5.2.01.b: Science

Wind.

SCI.5.2.01.c: Science

Gravity.

SCI.5.2.02: Science

Investigate and discuss the role of the water cycle and how movement of water over and through the landscape helps shape land forms.

SCI.5.2.03.a: Science

Canyons.

SCI.5.2.03.b: Science

Valleys.

SCI.5.2.03.c: Science

Meanders.

SCI.5.2.03.d: Science

Tributaries.

SCI.5.2.04.a: Science

Deltas.

SCI.5.2.04.b: Science

Flood Plains.

SCI.5.2.05: Science

Discuss how the flow of water and the slope of the land affect erosion.

SCI.5.2.06: Science

Identify and use models, maps, and aerial photographs as ways of representing landforms.

SCI.5.2.07.a: Science

Clearing land.

SCI.5.2.07.b: Science

Planting vegetation.

SCI.5.2.07.c: Science

Building dams.

SCI.5.3.01.a: Science

Evaporation.

SCI.5.3.01.b: Science

Condensation.

SCI.5.3.01.c: Science

Precipitation.

SCI.5.3.01.d: Science

Run-off.

SCI.5.3.02.a: Science

Temperature.

SCI.5.3.02.b: Science

Wind direction and speed.

SCI.5.3.02.c: Science

Precipitation.

SCI.5.3.02.d: Science

Cloud cover.

SCI.5.3.02.e: Science

Air pressure.

SCI.5.3.03: Science

Describe and analyze the formation of various types of clouds and discuss their relation to weather systems.

SCI.5.3.04: Science

Explain how global atmospheric movement patterns affect local weather.

SCI.5.3.05: Science

Compile and use weather data to establish a climate record and reveal any trends.

SCI.5.3.06.a: Science

Mountains

SCI.5.3.06.b: Science

Sea breezes

SCI.5.3.06.c: Science

Water bodies.

SCI.5.4.01: Science

Determine the motion of an object by following and measuring its position over time.

SCI.5.4.02: Science

Evaluate how pushing or pulling forces can change the position and motion of an object.

SCI.5.4.03.a: Science

Moving air.

SCI.5.4.03.b: Science

Gravity.

SCI.5.4.04: Science

Determine that an unbalanced force is needed to move an object or change its direction.

SCI.5.4.05.a: Science

Force

SCI.5.4.05.b: Science

Friction.

SCI.5.4.05.c: Science

Inertia.

SCI.5.4.05.d: Science

Momentum

SCI.5.4.06.a: Science

Devise a test for the model.

SCI.5.4.06.b: Science

Evaluate the results of test.

SCI.5.4.07: Science

Determine how people use simple machines to solve problems.

MA.3.1: Mathematics

Number sense 0 - 9,999

MA.3.2: Mathematics

Multiplication and division

MA.3.3: Mathematics

Non-negative rational numbers

MA.3.4: Mathematics

Capacity and mass

MA.3.5: Mathematics

Coordinate grids

MA.3.6: Mathematics

Circle graphs

MA.3.7: Mathematics

Permutations and combinations

MA.3.8: Mathematics

Growing patterns

MA.3.9: Mathematics

Variables

MA.3.10: Mathematics

Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years

MA.3.1: Mathematics

Addition and subtraction of multi-digit numbers

MA.3.2: Mathematics

Length and time

MA.3.3: Mathematics

Symmetry and congruence

MA.3.4: Mathematics

Line plots, tallies, pictographs

MA.3.5: Mathematics

Venn diagrams

MA.4.1: Mathematics

Number sense 0.01-99,999

MA.4.2: Mathematics

Multiplication and division of multi-digit numbers

MA.4.3: Mathematics

Perimeter and area

MA.4.4: Mathematics

Transformations

MA.4.5: Mathematics

Line graphs

MA.4.6: Mathematics

Median, mode, and range

MA.4.7: Mathematics

Variables in number sentences

MA.4.8: Mathematics

Proportional reasoning

MA.4.9: Mathematics

Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years

MA.4.1: Mathematics

Whole number computation

MA.4.2: Mathematics

Non-negative rational numbers

MA.4.3: Mathematics

Length, time, capacity, and mass

MA.4.4: Mathematics

Symmetry and congruence

MA.4.5: Mathematics

Coordinate grids

MA.4.6: Mathematics

Circle graphs

MA.4.7: Mathematics

Permutations and combinations

MA.5.1: Mathematics

Number sense 0.001-999,999

MA.5.2: Mathematics

Addition and subtraction of non-negative rational numbers

MA.5.3: Mathematics

Properties of plane figures

MA.5.4: Mathematics

Bar graphs and stem-and-leaf plots

MA.5.5: Mathematics

Rates of change

MA.5.6: Mathematics

Simple equations and inequalities

MA.5.7: Mathematics

Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years

MA.5.1: Mathematics

Whole number computation

MA.5.2: Mathematics

Transformations

MA.5.3: Mathematics

Perimeter and area

MA.5.4: Mathematics

Coordinate grids

MA.5.5: Mathematics

Line graphs

MA.5.6: Mathematics

Median, mode, and range

MA.6.1: Mathematics

Negative rational numbers

MA.6.2: Mathematics

Percent

MA.6.3: Mathematics

Transformations in the coordinate plane

MA.6.4: Mathematics

Probability

MA.6.5: Mathematics

Equations and inequalities

MA.6.6: Mathematics

Multiplication and division of non-negative rational numbers

MA.6.7: Mathematics

Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years

MA.6.1: Mathematics

Addition and subtraction of non-negative rational numbers

MA.6.2: Mathematics

Number properties

MA.6.3: Mathematics

Perimeter and area

MA.6.4: Mathematics

Median, mode, and range

MA.6.5: Mathematics

Bar graphs and leaf plots

MA.7.1: Mathematics

Computation with rational numbers

MA.7.2: Mathematics

Ratio and proportion

MA.7.3: Mathematics

Factors and multiples

MA.7.4: Mathematics

Volume and surface area

MA.7.5: Mathematics

Measures of central tendency

MA.7.6: Mathematics

Box plots and histograms

MA.7.7: Mathematics

Equations and inequalities

MA.7.8: Mathematics

Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years

MA.7.1: Mathematics

Number properties

MA.7.2: Mathematics

Percent

MA.7.3: Mathematics

Transformations in the coordinate plane

MA.7.4: Mathematics

Probability

MA.8.1: Mathematics

Real numbers

MA.8.2: Mathematics

Linear functions

MA.8.3: Mathematics

Pythagorean theorem, indirect measurement

MA.8.4: Mathematics

Scatterplots

MA.8.5: Mathematics

Slope

MA.8.6: Mathematics

Equations and inequalities

MA.8.7: Mathematics

Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years

MA.8.1: Mathematics

Ratio, proportion, and percent

MA.8.2: Mathematics

Factors and multiples

MA.8.3: Mathematics

Box plots and histograms

MA.8.4: Mathematics

Volume and surface area

SCI.7.3.D: Science

relate the impact of research on scientific thought and society, including the history of science and contributions of scientists as related to the content.

SCI.7.9.B: Science

identify the accommodations, considering the characteristics of our solar system, that enabled manned space exploration.

SCI.8.8.E: Science

research how scientific data are used as evidence to develop scientific theories to describe the origin of the universe.
Curriki Rating
On a scale of 0 to 3
3
On a scale of 0 to 3

This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 3, as of -0001-11-30.

member-name
Christine Mytko
July 29, 2009

Excellent content, detail and organization.

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