E-book, Scope & Sequence


This page provides information about the overall scope and sequence for this astronomy unit. It provides a detailed overview of the structure of the unit, the number of days spent on each lesson, and the standards met by the unit. It also provides information about content integration with art, mathematics, and history.


  • Arts > General
  • Mathematics > General
  • Science > General
  • Science > Astronomy
  • Science > Earth Science
  • Science > General Science
  • Science > History of Science
  • Science > Physics

Education Levels:

  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8


Astronomy History of Science Earth Science Solar System Universe Planets



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Update Standards?

SCI.5-6.S5-6:44.1: Science

Creating a diagram or model and explaining the effects of the orbit of the earth around the sun and the moon around the earth.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:44.a: Science

The earth orbits the sun in a near circular path that takes a year to complete.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:44.b: Science

The moon's orbit around the earth, once in about 28 days, changes the portion of the moon visible to us as a result of the sun's reflected light (phases of the moon).

SCI.5-6.S5-6:45.1: Science

Explaining, after viewing a picture or illustration with sun/moon showing true relative size, why the sun and moon appear to be the same size when seen from the earth.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:45.2: Science

Relating this phenomenon to lunar and solar eclipses and explaining how technology has allowed scientists to extend existing ideas about the solar system.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:45.a: Science

From earth, the moon and the sun appear to be the same size because the moon is so much closer to the earth than the sun.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:45.b: Science

Telescopes magnify the appearance of some very distant objects in the sky, including the moon and the planets. The number of stars that can be seen through telescopes is dramatically greater than can be seen by the unaided eye.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:46.1: Science

Using data about a rock's physical characteristics to explain the rock's history and connection to the Rock Cycle.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:46.2: Science

Creating a model of the earth's structure and explaining the nature of the layers.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:46.a: Science

Rocks come from magma or lava, as well as from sediments that build up in layers. As all rocks from earth's surface weather, form sediments and become buried and heated (through pressure or direct heat), they may crystallize into new rock. Eventually those new rocks may be brought to the surface by forces that drive plate motions (The Rock Cycle).

SCI.5-6.S5-6:46.b: Science

The earth is layered with a rigid shell, a hot mantle and a dense metallic core.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.1: Science

Identifying examples of geologic changes on the earth's surface, where possible, in the local environment (include slow and fast changes).

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.2: Science

Plotting locations of volcanoes and earthquakes and using these data to explain the relationship between location and plate movement.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.3: Science

Explaining the processes that occur when rocks are changed from one form to another.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.4: Science

Determining the relative age of fossils within sedimentary rocks from their location in the strata (i.e. which fossils within a sequence are older).

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.a: Science

Some changes on the earth can be very slow, such as weathering and mountain-building, and some can be very fast-such as volcanoes and earthquakes.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.b: Science

Earth's rigid shell is composed of large plates that move at rates of centimeters a year. Major geologic events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain building, result from these plate motions.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:47.c: Science

Thousands of layers of sedimentary rock confirm the long history of the changing surface of the earth and the changing life forms whose remains are found in successive layers (land forms-coastlines, mountains, rivers, canyons, deltas).

SCI.5-6.S5-6:48.1: Science

Diagramming, labeling and explaining the process of the water cycle (e.g., evaporation, precipitation, run-off).

SCI.5-6.S5-6:48.a: Science

The cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere plays an important role in determining climatic patterns. Water evaporates from the surface of the earth, rises and cools, and falls again to the surface as rain. The water falling on land collects in rivers and lakes, soil and porous layers of rock, and much of it flows back into the ocean.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:49.1: Science

Identifying examples of good and poor management of natural resources.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:49.2: Science

Explaining how overpopulation of living things can degrade an environment due to increased use of resources.

SCI.5-6.S5-6:49.a: Science

Responsible management of the earth's resources (air, soil, water, trees) is beneficial for the environment and for human use.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:44: Science

Not assessed at this grade level

SCI.7-8.S7-8:45.1: Science

Identifying and labeling the location of the sun in our solar system and its relationship to the galaxy.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:45.a2: Science

The sun is many thousands of times closer to the earth than any other star. The sun is located near the edge of a disc-shaped galaxy of stars.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:46: Science

Not assessed at this grade level

SCI.7-8.S7-8:47: Science

Not assessed at this grade level

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.1: Science

Diagramming, labeling and explaining the process of the water cycle (precipitation, evaporation, condensation, runoff, ground water, transpiration).

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.2: Science

Identifying the major gases of earth's atmosphere.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.3: Science

Explaining how differential heating can affect the earth's weather patterns.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.4: Science

Creating a model showing the tilt of the earth on its axis and explaining how the sun's energy hitting the earth surface creates the seasons.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.a: Science

The cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere plays an important role in determining climatic patterns. Water evaporates from the surface of the earth, rises and cools, condenses into rain or snow, and falls again to the surface. Global patterns of atmospheric movement influence local weather. Oceans have a major effect on climate because water in the oceans holds a large amount of heat.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.b: Science

The entire planet is surrounded by a relatively thin blanket of air composed of nitrogen, oxygen, and small amounts of other gases, including water vapor.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.c: Science

Heat from the sun is the primary source of energy for changes on the earth's surface. The differences in heating of the earth's surface produce the planet's weather patterns.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:48.d: Science

Seasons result from variations in the amount of sun's energy hitting the earth's surface. This happens because of the tilt of the earth's axis and the orbit of the earth around the sun.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:49.1: Science

Investigating natural resources in the community and monitoring/managing them for responsible use.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:49.2: Science

Identifying a human activity in a local environment and determining the impact of that activity on a specific (local) natural resource.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:49.3: Science

Researching the impact of different human activities on the earth's land, waterways and atmosphere, and describing possible effects on the living organisms in those environments.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:49.a: Science

Human activities have impacts on natural resources, such as increasing wildlife habitats, reducing/managing the amount of forest cover, increasing the amount and variety of chemicals released into the atmosphere and farming intensively. Some of these changes have decreased the capacity of the environment to support life forms. Others have enhanced the environment to support greater availability of resources.

SCI.7-8.S7-8:49.b: Science

Fresh water, limited in supply, is essential for life and also for most industrial processes. Rivers, lakes, and groundwater can be depleted or polluted, becoming unavailable or unsuitable for life.
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