Table of Contents

American Portraits

America’s past has been colored by characters of all types. The Bill of Rights Institute’s American Portraits Series takes a look at 139 of these characters and asks questions that are central to understanding their lives and actions. Each narrative is connected to a virtue, prompting students to explore the character of the primary actors of the stories. For a list of the virtues, check out our “Definitions of Virtue” page. For a text list of all lessons, view our “Narrative List” page. In studying these narratives, students will learn more about the past and, perhaps more importantly, more about themselves.

George Washington’s Finest Hour: The Newburgh Conspiracy and Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will evaluate George Washington’s actions to understand his approach to the principle of identity.
Curriki RatingNR

Frederick Douglass and Identity: Resurrection to the Heaven of Freedom

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will examine events in the life of Frederick Douglass, studying a turning point in his life when he determined not to remain a slave.
Curriki RatingNR

Edward R. Murrow: In His Own Words

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will analyze their own identity and how it relates to how others perceive them by reading and discussing a narrative about Edward R. Murrow and McCarthyism
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I WILL BE HEARD: William Lloyd Garrison, Abolitionism, Colonization, and Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the life of William Lloyd Garrison and follow the development of his identity. Through his example, students will understand how they can develop and refine their identity in their own lives and how through this refinement help advance freedom for themselves and others.
Curriki RatingNR

The Gospel of Wealth: Andrew Carnegie, Philanthropy, and Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the life and work of Andrew Carnegie. Though his example of hard work and generosity with his earnings, students will learn more about identity. With this example in mind, they will explore how they can further develop their own identities.
Curriki RatingNR

Four Score and Seven Years Ago: The Gettysburg Address and American Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will analyze Abraham Lincoln's identity as a writer, speaker, and president related to the Gettysburg address.
Curriki RatingNR

I Have a Dream: Martin Luther King, Jr., and American Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will examine events in the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. , analyzing both his identity and his contributions to American identity.
Curriki RatingNR

We Hold These Truths: Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration of Independence, and Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read a narrative about Thomas Jefferson and the writing of the Declaration of Independence in order to understand their identity
Curriki RatingNR

A Self-­‐Made Man: The Story of Thurgood Marshall

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the life of Thurgood Marshall and follow the development of his identity. Through his example, students will understand how they can develop and refine their identity in their own lives and how through this refinement, help advance freedom for themselves and others.
Curriki RatingNR

Roger Williams: Man of the Word

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will understand how Roger Williams’ identity drove him to found a new colony based on religious liberty. They will also learn how they can use their identity to help them make good decisions.
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That Golden Moment: Jesse Owens and the Civic Virtue of Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the life Jesse Owens and how it was shaped by his identity. Through his example, students will understand how they can develop their own identity and how this develop will help them advance freedom in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

On My Own Ground: Madam C.J. Walker and Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will examine events in the life of Madam C. J. Walker, analyzing both her identity and her contributions to American identity.
Curriki RatingNR

The Diarist’s Identity: Mary Chesnut and her Civil War Diary

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Mary Chesnut’s identity drove her to write a diary during the Civil War. They will also learn about how to use their own identity to achieve success in their lives.
Curriki RatingNR

You Felt He was Talking to You: FDR’s Fireside Chats and Identity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt and how this identity helped him to soothe the fears of Americans during the Great Depression. They will also learn how embracing their identity can help them be successful.
Curriki RatingNR

A Pox to You! Cotton Mather, the Inoculation Crisis, and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the work and life of Cotton Mather and how it was shaped by his purpose. They will explore how his actions and his identity helped him achieve a great advancement for modern medicine and through his example, learn how they can pursue their own purpose for the greater good of mankind.
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One Down, Eight to Go: Elizabeth Eckford, the Little Rock Nine, and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Elizabeth Eckford and the sense of purpose that drove the Little Rock Nine. They will explore how the perseverance of Elizabeth and the other minority students helped advance freedom and equality as well as learn how dedication to their own purposes also benefit society.
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Rosa Parks, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Rosa Parks' purpose leading to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and how they can act with purpose in their own lives through discussion and analysis.
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John Deere; From Purpose to Prosperity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how John Deere worked with purpose to invent a new plow that made farm work much more efficient. They will use this example to be purposeful in their own lives.
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Thomas Wilson Door: The Working Class Right to Vote

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn how Thomas Wilson Dorr led an effort to expand the righ to vote in Rhode Island, and evaluate the methods he used. They will use this example to be purposeful in their own lives.
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Carrie Chapman Catt: The Woman of the Hour and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn how Carrie Chapman Catt worked with purpose to advocate for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing the right to vote for women. They will use this example to be purposeful in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Stephen Decatur and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Stephen Decatur and his sense of purpose that drove him to successful complete the daring raid on the U.S.S. Philadelphia. They will explore how purpose can help advance freedom and work to discover purpose in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Schechter Brothers’ Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read about the struggles of the Schechter Brothers and how they refused to give up their values or compromise their purpose. Students will use this example to think about ways they can be purposeful in their own lives.
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Purpose and the Invention of Kevlar: Stephanie Kwolek

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn how Stephanie Kwolek worked with purpose to conduct research in her chemistry lab. They will use this example to be purposeful in their own lives.
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In this lesson, students will learn about the life and work of Benjamin Franklin and how it was shaped by his purpose. They will explore how his actions and his identity helped him achieve great discoveries in science and through his example, learn how they can pursue their own purpose for the great good of mankind
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Thirteen Days: John F. Kennedy, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how President John F. Kennedy achieved his purpose of protecting the United States in the Cuban Missile Crisis. They will also understand how they can be purposeful in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

For Honor and Liberty’s Cause: Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary Leadership, and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life of Daniel Morgan. They will explore his dedication to his purpose through many trials and tribulations at great personal sacrifice. Through his example students will learn how they can pursue purpose in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Project of Moral Perfection: Benjamin Franklin’s List of Virtues and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson students will learn about how Benjamin Franklin purposeful tried to be virtuous throughout his life.
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Sitting Bull's Purpose at Little Bighorn

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Sitting Bull and his role during the Battle of Little Bighorn. They will see how he fulfilled his purpose throughout this battle and through his example, learn how they can pursue purpose in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

To Have a Voice: Tecumseh’s Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will study the life and work of Tecumseh and his attempt to form a strong Indian Confederacy. They will explore how purpose played a role in Tecumseh's life and can direct their lives and help advance freedom for themselves and others.
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One Minute of Pain: Louis Zamperini, Iron Discipline, and Purpose

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life of Louis Zamperini and how his purpose helped him through excruciating ordeals.
Curriki RatingNR

General Dwight D. Eisenhower Takes Responsibility for the D-­‐Day Invasion

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read an account about General Eisenhower's actions on D-Day and how they can act responsibly in their own lives through readings and discussions
Curriki RatingNR

Asking Pardon of Men: Samuel Sewall and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Samuel Sewall's role in the Salem Witch Trials and how he took responsibility for his actions afterward. They will read and reflect and analyze a narrative on Sewall and understand how they can act responsibly no matter the circumstances.
Curriki RatingNR

Establishing a Government of Laws, Not Men: George Washington’s Retirement and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review George Washington's actions in completing his service as Commander in Chief Revolutionary War, including his return of his military commission to the president of Congress. They will achieve the following objectives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Torch has Passed to a New Generation: John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will analyze John F. Kennedy's call for responsible actions by the American citizenry in his Inaugural Address
Curriki RatingNR

Tear Down This Wall: Ronald Reagan, the Cold War, and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review Ronald Reagan's life-long commitment to ending the tyranny of communism and analyze Reagan's application of the virtue of responsibility.
Curriki RatingNR

Sergeant Alvin C. York’s Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Alvin C. York and the responsibility he showed toward his men during his attack on Hill 223. They will explore how responsibility can help advance freedom and work on discovering how responsibilities affect their own lives.
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Jane Addams, Hull House, and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Jane Addams' role in running a settlement house and fighting against war. Students will consider how they can be responsible like Addams.
Curriki RatingNR

Taking Responsibility: Ida B. Wells and the Anti-­‐Lynching Campaign

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the anti-lynching campaign of Ida B. Wells and how she took her responsibility of teaching others about lynching seriously. They will also determine ways they can be responsible in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Harriet Tubman: Follow the North Star to Freedom

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Harriet Tubman took responsibility for helping many people escape slavery. They will also determine ways they can help others by being responsible.
Curriki RatingNR

Jim Thorpe Chooses the Bright Path of Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn from the example of athlete Jim Thorpe's life of responsibility. They will also learn how to make responsible decisions themselves.
Curriki RatingNR

Varian Fry’s Grave Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Varian Fry and his role in helping refugee's escape the dangers posed by Nazi Germany. Through his example, they will learn how they can more responsible in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

FDR, Churchill, and Atlantic Charter

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the development of the Atlantic Charter. They will learn from Roosevelt's example about how they can be responsible in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Committee on Education -­‐ A Nation At Risk

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the 1983 report on the National Commission on Excellence in Education, and the succeeding efforts at education reform in America.
Curriki RatingNR

President Dwight Eisenhower, Responsibility, and Restraint of American Power

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how President Eisenhower made responsible decisions related to war and foreign policy during his tenure. They will also consider ways in which they can make responsible decisions.
Curriki RatingNR

The Angel of the Battlefield: Clara Barton and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Clara Barton dedicated herself to the responsibility for caring for others throughout her life and how they can act responsibly in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

No Man Is Above the Law: Mark Felt, Watergate, and Responsibility

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Mark Felt and his role in the Watergate scandal. They will explore how Mark Felt lived up to the responsibility he believed he had to uphold the rule of law and analyze how they can better live up to responsibilities in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Henry David Thoreau: What I Have to Do . . .

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life and views of Henry David Thoreau. They will explore how his actions embody the virtue of integrity and, through his example, will learn how they can pursue integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

George C. Marshall: In Peace and In War

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life of George C. Marshall and how it was shaped by integrity. They will explore his actions and identify how they shaped his identity and purpose. Through his example, they will learn how they can pursue integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

My Allegiance is to this Union: Henry Clay, Political Compromise, and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life and work of Henry Clay. They will explore how his actions were guided by his integrity and helped to advance freedom. Through his example, they will learn how they can act with integrity in their own lives.
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Owen Lattimore and Integrity: A Very Interesting and Satisfying Life

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the actions of Owen Lattimore in challenging Joseph McCarthy in the 1950's. Accused of being the "top Russian espionage agent in America" at the height of McCarthyism, Lattimore demonstrated his sense of integrity by fighting to clear his reputation and demanding a hearing before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. He boldly challenged lies that Senator Joseph McCarthy and others told about him.
Curriki RatingNR

The Unshakeable Witness: Whitaker Chambers and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life and actions of Whittaker Chambers. They will explore how his actions embodied the principle of integrity, and through his example, they will learn how they can live with integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Jeannette Rankin: Nothing Left but My Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson , students will review and evaluate the actions of Jeannette Rankin, who was the first woman elected to U.S. Congress, the only woman to vote in Congress to extend the franchise to women, and the only person to have coted against the declarations of war in both World Wars. They will use her story to help them understand integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Robert Carter III and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson students will learn about the integrity of Robert Carter III in acting to manumit his slaves. In studying him, students will also learn how they can act with integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Breaking the Heart of the World: Henry Cabot Lodge, the Treaty of Versailles, and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read and discuss the integrity of Henry Cabot Lodge during the debates regarding the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations following World War I. In analyzing his actions, students will learn how to better act with integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

No! No! Not a Sixpence! The XYZ Affair and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how the diplomats in the XYZ Affair maintained their integrity. They will also learn about how they can act with integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Calvin Coolidge, Reducing the Debt, and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn from the example of President Calvin Coolidge on how to act with integrity in throughout their lives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Sage of Concord: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the integrity of Ralph Waldo Emerson and how they can use integrity in their own lives.
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Max Morris and Urban Renewal

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn how Max Morris acted with integrity to try and save his business and his neighborhood from the effects of an urban renewal plan. Though he ultimately was unsuccessful, Morris boldly challenged what he believed to be an unconstitutional taking of his property.
Curriki RatingNR

David Lucas and Beachfront Property

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn how David Lucas acted with integrity when a new law deprived him of the right to use his property. Lucas boldly challenged what he believed to be an unconstitutional taking of his property.
Curriki RatingNR

Harry Truman, the Firing of Douglas MacArthur, and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life of President Harry S. Truman and how it was shaped by integrity. They will explore actions throughout his life and how they impacted his identity and purpose. Through his example, they will learn how they can maintain the principle of integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

North or South: Robert E. Lee’s Fateful Decision

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life of Robert E. Lee and how it was shaped by integrity. They will explore his actions and how they helped shape his identity and purpose. Through his example, they will learn how they can better pursue integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Under My Vine and Fig Tree: George Washington’s Resignation after Two Terms and Integrity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the presidency of George Washington and how it was shaped by integrity. Through his example, students will learn how they can pursue integrity in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Robert Gould Shaw’s Courageous Decision

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore Colonel Robert Gould Shaw's decision to take charge of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Students will learn why it took courage for him to make the decision, its significance to the nation and the overall war effort, as well as how they can make similar courageous decisions in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Courage of General Anthony McAuliffe at Bastogne

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life of General Anthony McAuliffe. In particular, they will examine his courageous stand during the Battle of the Bulge and its impact on the allied war effort. Using this example, students will learn how they can be courageous in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Washington’s Choice: The Crossing of the Delaware

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review George Washington's courageous actions in leading his troops to cross the Delaware River against overwhelming obstacles in order to attack and defeat the British army's Hessian forces at Trenton, New Jersey.
Curriki RatingNR

The Courage of Chamberlain at Gettysburg

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the role of Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain played in the Battle of Gettysburg. Students will specifically learn about his actions on July 2 on Little Round Top and its significance to the Union's overall victory in the battle.
Curriki RatingNR

The Pilgrims’ Courageous Journey

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the incredible journey of the Pilgrim fathers took before landing at Plymouth Rock and settling in the New World. They will learn about the numerous setbacks they had to overcome in their journey and come to understand the courage often required to accomplish one's purpose.
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The Spirit of St. Louis: Charles Lindbergh and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will study the courage demonstrated by Charles Lindberg during his cross-Atlantic flight and determine ways in which they can act with courage in their own lives
Curriki RatingNR

One Small Step for Man. One Giant Leap for Mankind: Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11, and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the courage of Neil Armstrong who led the Apollo 11 space mission and became the first man to walk on the moon. They will also consider how to cultivate and apply courage in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Number 42: Jackie Robinson and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the courage of Jackie Robinson who persevered through the integration of major league baseball and how they can act courageously for equality in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Anne Hutchinson and Courage: In the Face of Adversity

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will analyze Anne Hutchinson's courages actions to support religious freedom in the American colonies.
Curriki RatingNR

John Minor Wisdom: Daughtless Decision Maker

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how John Minor Wisdom couragelously stood up against discrimination and segregation as a Circuit Court judge.
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The Dawn's Early Light: The Defense of Fort McHenry and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the courageous efforts of Major Armistead and the soliders at For McHenry during the War of 1812. They wil also think about ways in which they can be courageous in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Andrew Jackson's Courageous Decision at New Orleans

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the courageous life and actions of Andrew Jackson during the Battle of New Orleans. Students will learn how courage shaped Jackson's life and see how imperative it was to his success. Students will also learn how being courageous can positively affect their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Great Day in My Life: Theodore Roosevelt, the Charge at San Juan Hill, and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the courage of theodore Roosevelt, who exercised courage to overcome illness and to lead troops in Cuba. They will also consider how to cultivate and apply courage in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Most Decorated American Soldier of World War II: Audie Murphy, World War II, and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the courage of Audie Murphy who became the most decorated American soldier of World War Two. They will also consider how to cultivate and apply courage in their own lives.
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We are Not Afraid and We Shall Overcome: The Freedom Rides and Courage

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the courage of Freedom Riders in the early days of the Civil Rights movement of the 1960's, and how they themsleves can act coruageously for equality in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

The Courage of General Matthew Ridgway

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the life of Matthew Ridgway and his role in the Korean War. Students will understand how Matthew Ridgway's courage helped save the United States and United Nations forces during the Korean War and through his example, learn how they can use courage in their own lives to accomplish their purpose.
Curriki RatingNR

Clement Laird Vallandigham: Resounding Silence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the self-sacrifice of Clement Laird Vallandigham and ways in which they can sacrifice their own comfort for what they believe.
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Pat Tillman and Self-­‐Sacrifice: A Different Direction

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the self-sacrifice that Pat Tillman demonstrated both in the NFL and in serving his country after the September 11th terrorist attacks.
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Remember the Alamo! Davy Crockett, the Alamo, and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Davy Crockett and the other men who sacrificed themsleves for independence from Mexico at the Alamo. Students will learn the importance of fighting for what they believe.
Curriki RatingNR

Alice Paul’s Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read about Alice Paul's self-sacrifice while fighting for women's suffrage and they willl think about ways in which they can put the needs of others in before their own.
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Self-­‐Sacrifice in a Firehouse on 9/11

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review and analyze the self-sacrifice of the 40/35 Firehouse crew on 9/11. Students will consider how to demonstrate the virtue of self-sacrifice in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

An Act of Supreme Valor: Michael Murphy and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Michael Murphy and his unselfish actions while on Operation Red Wings in Afghanistan. They will explore how his actions helped his team and how they can use his example to act selflessly in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

John Basilone’s Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of John Basilone during World War Two. They will explore how his actions advanced the allied cuase and his motivations for returning to combat. Through his example they will learn how they can act seflessly in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Flying High: Amelia Earhart and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the passion and drive of Amelia Earhart and the sacrifices she made to be a great aviator. They will also think about ways in which they can make sacrifices to help advance freedom for others.
Curriki RatingNR

You May Depend Upon My Exertions: Robert Morris, the Revolutionary War, and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of Robert Morris and his sacrifices for the cause of independence during the American Revolutionary War. They will explore how his sefless actions with this finances helped to rpeserve the cause of independence. Through his example, they will learn how they can act seflessly in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

They Were Superb: The 442nd Japanese-­‐American Unit in World War II and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the self-sacrifice of the Japanese-American 442nd Regimental Combat Team who fought in World War Two. They will also determine ways they can sacrifice to help others.
Curriki RatingNR

The Selfless Defenders of Wake Island

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the defenders of Wake Island and their struggle against the Japanese in 1941. They will explore the actions of these defenders and see how their sacrifices helped inspire the nation at the beginning of the war. Through their example, they will learn how they can act selflessly in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Fox Company at the Chosin Reservoir and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about actions of Fox Company during the Korean War at the battle of the Chosin Reservoir. They will explore how Fox Company's actions helped to preserve the United States and United Nations forces against massive Chinese assualts and through this example, learn how they can act seflessly in their own lives.
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Loyal American: Fred Korematsu, Japanese Internment, and Self-­‐Sacrifice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Fred Korematsu decided to sacrifice himself to fight against Japanese-American internment during World War Two. They will also determine ways in which they can sacrifice their own needs and desires for causes that are important.
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Courage Under Fire, The Selfless Decision of John Robert Fox

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of John Robert Fox during the Italian campaign during World War Two. Through his example, students will understand how they can act more selflessly in their own lives.
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The Selfless Courage of the Doolittle Raiders

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of the Doolittle Raiders in April of 1942. they will understand how their sacrifice and selfless actions help to advance the cause of freedom and through this example understand how they can be more sefless in their own lives.
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Bringing an End to War: Paul Tibbets and the Decision to Drop the Atom Bomb

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Paul Tibbets and his mission to drop the atomic bomb. Students will explore how the unselfish actions of he and his crew helped to bring the war with Japan to a close. Through his example, they will learn how they can act unseflishly in their own lives.
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With Charity for All: Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review Abraham Lincoln's second Inagural Address, delivered as Union troops were within sight of ultimate victory in the Civil War. They will analyze how he demonstrated respect in his approach to his second term of office and plans for restoring the Union.
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Prevent Further Effusion of Blood: The Surrender at Appomattox and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read about the surrender at Appomattox between Generals Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. They will learn about how the two men acted with respect despite their differences and how they can act with respect in their own lives.
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The True Meaning of Democracy: Eleanor Roosevelt, Marian Anderson, and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the respectful actions of Eleanor Roosevelt towards Marian Anderson. They will explore how this show of respect helped shape her purpose and identity and learn how similar displays in their own lives can help them in like manner.
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William Penn: Faith Not Force

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the words and actions of William Penn, who established the colony of Pennslyvania with a guarantee of freedom of worship.
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We Can Start to Work Together: Robert F. Kennedy, the 1968 Campaign, and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the words and actions of Robert F. Kennedy, who used his candidacy for the presidency in 1968 to spread a message of hope, justice, and respect.
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Dolley Madison’s Respect for Washington

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the respect that First Lady Dolley Madison had for the city of Washington and its people as well as her respect for American treasures. Students will determine ways in which they can be respectful of others in their own lives.
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Treat All Men Alike: Chief Joseph and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the words and actions of Chief Joseph of the Nez Perece people in the Pacific Northwest. They will identity both exampleso f people treating one another with respect and examples of disrespect.
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In Her Weakness Made Strong: Esther Ross and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the Stillaguamish tribe and the women who fought to gain recognition and respect for their lands and customs. Through ther example, students will better understand the role respect should play in their own lives.
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The Tuskegee Airmen: Defending and Improving the United States

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of the Tuskegee Airmen and how they helped African-Americans gain respect as one of the first groups of African American pilots in the history of the United States. They will also explore how they can be resepctful in their own lives.
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Bacon’s Rebellion and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Nathaniel Bacon demanded respect for the rights of the colonists in Virginia in the 1670's. They will learn how they too can demand respect for their own rights.
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Remember the Ladies: Abigail Adams, John Adams, and Respect

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the correspondence between John Adams and Abigail Adams when she advised him to "remember the ladies" in making plans for a new form of government after independence from the British was won. They will evaluate the level of respect expressed in that correspondence.
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Respecting the Fallen at Andersonville Prison

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of Dorence Atwater as a P.O.W. at Andersonville prison during the Civil War. They will understand how Atwater worked to ensure those interned in the prison were respected. Through this example, students will learn how they can be more respectful in their own lives.
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John J. Pershing: Honoring the Fallen

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the life and actions of John Pershing. They will learn through his actions, how he sought to ensure the respect of his soldiers and the sacrifices they made on behalf of the country. Through his example, students will learn how they can be more respectful in their own lives.
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John Adams and the Defense of the Soldiers at the Boston Massacre Trial

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of John Adams during the Boston Massacre trial. Through his example, students will learn about the virtue of justice and how they can apply this justice in their own lives.
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Justice: John Quincy Adams and The Amistad

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will analyze the reasons why John Quincy Adams acted as the defense attorney for the Africans on The Amistad. They will discuss Adams' role in the case and will write a journal entry as though they were one of the actors in the case and evaluate the actor's interpretation of justice. Finally, they will determine ways they can protect justice themselves.
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Abraham Lincoln, the Emancipation Proclamation, and Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. Students will specifically learn about how Lincoln's actions conform to the idea of justice and how they can apply this idea into actions in their own lives.
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John Quincy Adams and His Struggle Against Slavery and the Gag Rule

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson students will learn how John Quincy Adams fought against the injustice of the gag rule in the House of Representatives and how they can fight for justice in their own lives.
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An Atrocious Debasement of Human Nature: Benjamin Franklin, the First Abolitionist Petitions, and Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will evaluate Benjamin Franklin's actions to abolish slavery in the early republic. They will also use Franklin's example to think about how they can promote justice for themselves and others.
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The Stronghold of the Fortress: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Women’s Rights, and Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Elizabeth Cady Stanton's role in the women's movement. They will explore how her actions conformed to the ideas of justice and the many obstacles she had to overcome in achieving her purpose. Through her example, they will learn how they can pursue justice in their own lives.
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Conscience is the Most Sacred Property: James Madison, Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, and Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about James Madison's fight to promote and advance religious freedom in the State of Virginia. They will explore how his actions conformed to the idea of justice and through his example, learn how they can pursue justice in their own lives.
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A Self-Evident Truth: Angelina Grimké and Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the perspective of Angelina Grimke regarding the injustices of slavery. They will consider ways in which they promote or fight for justice in their own lives.
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Yick Wo: Equal Justice Under Law

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will consider the actions of Yick Wo regarding the injustices of a discriminatory city ordinance in San Francisco. They will consider ways in which they can promote or fight for justice in their own lives.
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A Deep Stain on the American Character: John Marshall and Justice for Native Americans

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of John Marshall concerning the Cherokee nation. They will explore how his actions helped to advance justice and, through his example, learn how they can advance justice in their own lives.
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Bertrand DeBlanc’s Pursuit of Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the case of the trial and execution of Willie Francis and will analyze the determined efforts of his attorney, Bertrand DeBlanc, to protect due process of Francis.
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Barbara Jordan, Watergate, and Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn how Barbra Jordan sought justice in the Watergate scandal. They will also learn how they can fight for justice in their own lives.
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Justice Frank Murphy and Racial Prejudice: No Justifiable Part

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Supreme court Justice Frank Murphy and his stand for justice in three World War II cases related to restrictions on Japanese Americans. Through his example, they will learn to better stand for justice in their own lives.
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In this lesson, students will learn about how Harriet Beecher Stowe fought against the injustice of slavery. They will also consider ways in which they can fight injustices in their own lives.
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Oliver Otis Howard: Crusader for Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Oliver Otis Howard fought for justice for recently freed African-Americans following the Civil War. They will also discuss ways that they can promote justice in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

Theodore Roosevelt: Warrior for Public Justice

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore Theodore Roosevelt seeking justice in reforming the meat packing industry. Roosevelt's dedication to the justice and the general welfare of the nation will inspire students to be more focused on justice in their own lives.
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Booker T. Washington’s Diligent Pursuit of an Education

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will read about and discuss how Booker T. Washington remained diligent about obtaining an education. They will see how his journey towards and education helped shape his life and how understand how they can be diligent in their own lives.
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The American Success Story of Alexander Hamilton and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn the importance of being diligent in their lives by examining the life of Alexander Hamilton. They will analyze how Hamilton's actions throughout his life and examine how he acted with diligence in pursuit of his own ambition. They will use this understanding to help them to pursue diligent actions in their own lives.
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Champion of Liberty: James Madison and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will analyze James Madison's contributions through diligence to the establishment of the United States Constitution and early republic, exploring events that earned him the title, "Father of the Constitution,".
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Selma to Montgomery Marchers: Crossing the Bridge

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review the events of the civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery Alabama in 1965. They will focus on the marchers' demonstration of diligence. In doing so, they will learn how they can be more diligent in their own lives.
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Great Falls, Great Beauty, Great Difficulty: The Lewis and Clark Expedition and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will explore the difficulties faced by the Lewis and Clark expedition as they faced the challenges of portaging around the unexpectedly vast Great Falls of the Missouri River. They will read and discuss the narrative, laced with details from expedition journals, and ask questions about identity, purpose, and motivation. Students will both evaluate the character of Lewis and Clark and understand how they can be diligent in their own lives.
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Bird Woman’s River: Sacagawea’s Diligence in a Historic Journey

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will study the diligent behavior of Sacagawea throughout her journey with the Lewis and Clark expedition. They will read about how her decision to save their supplies in an icy river showed her diligence and learn from this example how they can be diligent in their own lives.
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The Regulars are Coming Out: Paul Revere and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the actions of Paul Revere during his midnight ride on April of 1775. They will study how his diligence in working towards Independence helped to advance the cause and use this example to better understand how they can be diligent in their own lives.
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Henry Knox, the Guns of Ticonderoga, and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review Henry Knox's diligent actions in leading his troops to provide the weapons needed to force the British to evacuate Boston and end their eleven-month siege of the city. Henry Knox and his brother, William, led a group of men on a roughly 500 mile round trip to recover artillery from Fort Ticonderoga, moving them across land and water in the depths of winter, their diligence enabled them to succeed. In studying their actions, students will better learn to practice diligence in their own lives.
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Wright Brothers and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn of the diligent work of the Wright brothers as they pursued their goal of achieving manned flight. In doing so, they will learn to be more diligent in their own lives.
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Admiral of the Ocean Sea: Christopher Columbus and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review Christopher Columbus's diligent actions as an adventurer and in completing the voyage across the Atlantic. In doing so, they will see how they will learn how they can be more diligent in their own lives.
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John Smith and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will review John Smith's diligent actions as an adventurer and in establishing the Jamestown colony. In doing so, they will learn how they can be more diligent in their own lives.
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Eli Whitney: Diligent Pioneer of Modern Industry

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about how Eli Whitney diligently pursued his place in history as the inventor of the cotton gin. Through his example, students will learn how being diligent can help them achieve their own purpose.
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Lighting the Way: Thomas Alva Edison and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the diligent work of Thomas Edison and how they can work diligently to learn more throughout their own lives.
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A Peaceful World: Eleanor Roosevelt, the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Eleanor Roosevelt's diligence in helping to craft the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights. Students will learn how their diligence can help them advance freedom for themselves and others.
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The Diligence of Henry Ford

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about the diligence of Henry Ford and how they can be diligent to achieve success in their own lives.
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Steve Jobs' Diligence

by Bill of Rights Institute EDUCATING INDIVIDUALS about THE CONSTITUTION
In this lesson, students will learn about Steve Jobs' diligence. In doing so, they will learn how they can be diligent in their own lives.
Curriki RatingNR

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