A comparison of the physics concepts explanations of ninth graders and of physics graduates and graduate students found that physics novices were strongly inclined to conceptualize physics concepts as material substances, whereas experts' protocols revealed distinctly nonmaterialistic representations.
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- Grade 6
- Grade 8
- Grade 9
Keywords:Ability,Student Attitudes,Education,NSDL,Thinking Skills,Education Foundations,conceptualization,Student Characteristics,High School,Scientific Concepts,Higher Education,NSDL_SetSpec_439869,Undergraduate (Upper Division),expert-novice,Alternative Conceptions,Graduate/Professional,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20061213013809020T
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