Type:

Curriculum

Description:

Mahwah Township (NJ) Public Schools course guide for college-preparatory chemistry

Subjects:

  • Science > General

Education Levels:

  • Grade 9
  • Grade 10

Keywords:

Chemistry

Language:

English

Access Privileges:

Members

License Deed:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

Collections:

Science Collection
Update Standards?

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.A.a: Science

Mathematical, physical, and computational tools are used to search for and explain core scientific concepts and principles.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.A.1: Science

Refine interrelationships among concepts and patterns of evidence found in different central scientific explanations.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.A.b: Science

Interpretation and manipulation of evidence-based models are used to build and critique arguments/explanations.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.A.2: Science

Develop and use mathematical, physical, and computational tools to build evidence-based models and to pose theories.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.A.c: Science

Revisions of predictions and explanations are based on systematic observations, accurate measurements, and structured data/evidence.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.A.3: Science

Use scientific principles and theories to build and refine standards for data collection, posing controls, and presenting evidence.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.a: Science

Logically designed investigations are needed in order to generate the evidence required to build and refine models and explanations.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.1: Science

Design investigations, collect evidence, analyze data, and evaluate evidence to determine measures of central tendencies, causal/correlational relationships, and anomalous data.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.b: Science

Mathematical tools and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.2: Science

Build, refine, and represent evidence-based models using mathematical, physical, and computational tools.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.c: Science

Empirical evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.3: Science

Revise predictions and explanations using evidence, and connect explanations/arguments to established scientific knowledge, models, and theories.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.d: Science

Scientific reasoning is used to evaluate and interpret data patterns and scientific conclusions.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.B.4: Science

Develop quality controls to examine data sets and to examine evidence as a means of generating and reviewing explanations.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.C.a: Science

Refinement of understandings, explanations, and models occurs as new evidence is incorporated.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.C.1: Science

Reflect on and revise understandings as new evidence emerges.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.C.b: Science

Data and refined models are used to revise predictions and explanations.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.C.2: Science

Use data representations and new models to revise predictions and explanations.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.C.c: Science

Science is a practice in which an established body of knowledge is continually revised, refined, and extended as new evidence emerges.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.C.3: Science

Consider alternative theories to interpret and evaluate evidence-based arguments.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.D.a: Science

Science involves practicing productive social interactions with peers, such as partner talk, whole-group discussions, and small-group work.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.D.1: Science

Engage in multiple forms of discussion in order to process, make sense of, and learn from others' ideas, observations, and experiences.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.D.b: Science

Science involves using language, both oral and written, as a tool for making thinking public.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.D.2: Science

Represent ideas using literal representations, such as graphs, tables, journals, concept maps, and diagrams.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.D.c: Science

Ensure that instruments and specimens are properly cared for and that animals, when used, are treated humanely, responsibly, and ethically.

SCI.9-12.5.1.12.D.3: Science

Demonstrate how to use scientific tools and instruments and knowledge of how to handle animals with respect for their safety and welfare.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.a: Science

Electrons, protons, and neutrons are parts of the atom and have measurable properties, including mass and, in the case of protons and electrons, charge. The nuclei of atoms are composed of protons and neutrons. A kind of force that is only evident at nuclear distances holds the particles of the nucleus together against the electrical repulsion between the protons.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.1: Science

Use atomic models to predict the behaviors of atoms in interactions.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.b: Science

Differences in the physical properties of solids, liquids, and gases are explained by the ways in which the atoms, ions, or molecules of the substances are arranged, and by the strength of the forces of attraction between the atoms, ions, or molecules.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.2: Science

Account for the differences in the physical properties of solids, liquids, and gases.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.c: Science

In the Periodic Table, elements are arranged according to the number of protons (the atomic number). This organization illustrates commonality and patterns of physical and chemical properties among the elements.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.3: Science

Predict the placement of unknown elements on the Periodic Table based on their physical and chemical properties.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.d: Science

In a neutral atom, the positively charged nucleus is surrounded by the same number of negatively charged electrons. Atoms of an element whose nuclei have different numbers of neutrons are called isotopes.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.4: Science

Explain how the properties of isotopes, including half-lives, decay modes, and nuclear resonances, lead to useful applications of isotopes.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.e: Science

Solids, liquids, and gases may dissolve to form solutions. When combining a solute and solvent to prepare a solution, exceeding a particular concentration of solute will lead to precipitation of the solute from the solution. Dynamic equilibrium occurs in saturated solutions. Concentration of solutions can be calculated in terms of molarity, molality, and percent by mass.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.5: Science

Describe the process by which solutes dissolve in solvents.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.f: Science

Acids and bases are important in numerous chemical processes that occur around us, from industrial to biological processes, from the laboratory to the environment.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.A.6: Science

Relate the pH scale to the concentrations of various acids and bases.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.B.a: Science

An atom's electron configuration, particularly of the outermost electrons, determines how the atom interacts with other atoms. Chemical bonds are the interactions between atoms that hold them together in molecules or between oppositely charged ions.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.B.1: Science

Model how the outermost electrons determine the reactivity of elements and the nature of the chemical bonds they tend to form.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.B.b: Science

A large number of important reactions involve the transfer of either electrons or hydrogen ions between reacting ions, molecules, or atoms. In other chemical reactions, atoms interact with one another by sharing electrons to create a bond.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.B.2: Science

Describe oxidation and reduction reactions, and give examples of oxidation and reduction reactions that have an impact on the environment, such as corrosion and the burning of fuel.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.B.c: Science

The conservation of atoms in chemical reactions leads to the ability to calculate the mass of products and reactants using the mole concept.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.B.3: Science

Balance chemical equations by applying the law of conservation of mass.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.C.a: Science

Gas particles move independently and are far apart relative to each other. The behavior of gases can be explained by the kinetic molecular theory. The kinetic molecular theory can be used to explain the relationship between pressure and volume, volume and temperature, pressure and temperature, and the number of particles in a gas sample. There is a natural tendency for a system to move in the direction of disorder or entropy.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.C.1: Science

Use the kinetic molecular theory to describe and explain the properties of solids, liquids, and gases.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.C.b: Science

Heating increases the energy of the atoms composing elements and the molecules or ions composing compounds. As the kinetic energy of the atoms, molecules, or ions increases, the temperature of the matter increases. Heating a pure solid increases the vibrational energy of its atoms, molecules, or ions. When the vibrational energy of the molecules of a pure substance becomes great enough, the solid melts.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.C.2: Science

Account for any trends in the melting points and boiling points of various compounds.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.b: Science

The driving forces of chemical reactions are energy and entropy. Chemical reactions either release energy to the environment (exothermic) or absorb energy from the environment (endothermic).

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.2: Science

Describe the potential commercial applications of exothermic and endothermic reactions.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.c: Science

Nuclear reactions (fission and fusion) convert very small amounts of matter into energy.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.3: Science

Describe the products and potential applications of fission and fusion reactions.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.d: Science

Energy may be transferred from one object to another during collisions.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.e: Science

Chemical equilibrium is a dynamic process that is significant in many systems, including biological, ecological, environmental, and geological systems. Chemical reactions occur at different rates. Factors such as temperature, mixing, concentration, particle size, and surface area affect the rates of chemical reactions.

SCI.9-12.5.2.12.D.5: Science

Model the change in rate of a reaction by changing a factor.
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