Type:

Unit

Description:

In this unit, we delve into characterization and theme while also examining two other key readings strategies: asking questions and making inferences. This unit was designed for use with a Reader's Workshop / Literature Circle format; however, it could easily be retooled for use with other frameworks and models for teaching and learning.

Subjects:

  • Language Arts > General
  • Language Arts > Reading Comprehension

Education Levels:

  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8

Keywords:

Questions Inferences Characterization Theme Coding the Text

Language:

English

Access Privileges:

Public - Available to anyone

License Deed:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

Collections:

Unit 1
Update Standards?

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Describe how a particular story's or drama's plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.1: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

S2533606: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

ask literal, interpretive, evaluative, and universal questions of text;

S2533610: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

make inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding;

S11372F7: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

infer the implicit theme of a work of fiction, distinguishing theme from the topic;

S113732C: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

describe multiple themes in a work of fiction;

S11372F9: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

compare and contrast the historical and cultural settings of two literary works.

S11372FA: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

summarize the elements of plot development (e.g., rising action, turning point, climax, falling action, denouement) in various works of fiction;

S11372FB: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

recognize dialect and conversational voice and explain how authors use dialect to convey character; and

S1137330: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

analyze the development of the plot through the internal and external responses of the characters, including their motivations and conflicts; and

S1137335: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

synthesize and make logical connections between ideas within a text and across two or three texts representing similar or different genres, and support those findings with textual evidence.

S1137368: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

analyze how the central characters' qualities influence the theme of a fictional work and resolution of the central conflict; and

S113736C: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

make subtle inferences and draw complex conclusions about the ideas in text and their organizational patterns; and

S113736D: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

synthesize and make logical connections between ideas within a text and across two or three texts representing similar or different genres and support those findings with textual evidence.

S2533621: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

ask literal, interpretive, evaluative, and universal questions of text;

S2533624: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

make inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding;

S2533625: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

make complex inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding;

S2533627: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

make connections (e.g., thematic links, author analysis) between and across multiple texts of various genres, and provide textual evidence.

S1137468: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Amended 2010

make subtle inferences and draw complex conclusions about the ideas in text and their organizational patterns; and

LA.6.RC.2.3: English-Language Arts

Connect and clarify main ideas by identifying their relationships to other sources and related topics.

LA.6.RL.3.2: English-Language Arts

Analyze the effect of the qualities of the character (e.g., courage or cowardice, ambition or laziness) on the plot and the resolution of the conflict.

LA.6.RL.3.5: English-Language Arts

Identify the speaker and recognize the difference between first- and third-person narration (e.g., autobiography compared with biography).

LA.6.RL.3.6: English-Language Arts

Identify and analyze features of themes conveyed through characters, actions, and images.

LA.7.RC.2.4: English-Language Arts

Identify and trace the development of an author's argument, point of view, or perspective in text.

LA.7.RL.3.2: English-Language Arts

Identify events that advance the plot and determine how each event explains past or present action(s) or foreshadows future action(s).

LA.7.RL.3.3: English-Language Arts

Analyze characterization as delineated through a character's thoughts, words, speech patterns, and actions; the narrator's description; and the thoughts, words, and actions of other characters.

LA.7.RL.3.4: English-Language Arts

Identify and analyze recurring themes across works (e.g., the value of bravery, loyalty, and friendship; the effects of loneliness).

LA.7.RL.3.5: English-Language Arts

Contrast points of view (e.g., first and third person, limited and omniscient, subjective and objective) in narrative text and explain how they affect the overall theme of the work.

LA.7.RL.3.6: English-Language Arts

Analyze a range of responses to a literary work and determine the extent to which the literary elements in the work shaped those responses.

LA.8.RL.3.2: English-Language Arts

Evaluate the structural elements of the plot (e.g., subplots, parallel episodes, climax), the plot's development, and the way in which conflicts are (or are not) addressed and resolved.

LA.8.RL.3.3: English-Language Arts

Compare and contrast motivations and reactions of literary characters from different historical eras confronting similar situations or conflicts.

LA.8.RL.3.5: English-Language Arts

Identify and analyze recurring themes (e.g., good versus evil) across traditional and contemporary works.

LA.8.RL.3.7: English-Language Arts

Analyze a work of literature, showing how it reflects the heritage, traditions, attitudes, and beliefs of its author. (Biographical approach)

LA.6.LA.6.1.7.1: Reading and Language Arts

use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection;

LA.6.LA.6.1.7.3: Reading and Language Arts

determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level text through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

LA.6.LA.6.2.1.2: Reading and Language Arts

locate and analyze the elements of plot structure, including exposition, setting, character development, rising/falling action, conflict/resolution, and theme in a variety of fiction;

LA.6.LA.6.2.1.4: Reading and Language Arts

identify and explain recurring themes across a variety of works (e.g., bravery, friendship, loyalty, good vs. evil);

LA.6.LA.6.2.1.7: Reading and Language Arts

locate and analyze an author?s use of allusions and descriptive, idiomatic, and figurative language in a variety of literary text, identifying how word choice sets the author?s tone and advances the work?s theme;

LA.6.LA.6.2.1.9: Reading and Language Arts

explain how ideas, values, and themes of a literary work often reflect the historical period in which it was written; and

LA.6.LA.6.2.2.3: Reading and Language Arts

organize information to show understanding (e.g., representing main ideas within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, or comparing/contrasting);

LA.7.LA.7.1.7.1: Reading and Language Arts

use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection;

LA.7.LA.7.1.7.2: Reading and Language Arts

analyze the author?s purpose (e.g., to persuade, inform, entertain, explain) and perspective in a variety of texts and understand how they affect meaning;

LA.7.LA.7.1.7.3: Reading and Language Arts

determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level or higher texts through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

LA.7.LA.7.1.7.6: Reading and Language Arts

analyze and evaluate similar themes or topics by different authors across a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections;

LA.7.LA.7.2.1.2: Reading and Language Arts

locate and analyze elements of characterization, setting, and plot, including rising action, conflict, resolution, theme, and other literary elements as appropriate in a variety of fiction;

LA.7.LA.7.2.1.4: Reading and Language Arts

identify and analyze recurring themes across a variety of works (e.g., bravery, friendship, loyalty, good vs. evil);

LA.7.LA.7.2.1.6: Reading and Language Arts

compare the use of the same theme in two different literary genres, using their structural features as the basis for the comparison (e.g., novel and play, poem and short story);

LA.7.LA.7.2.1.8: Reading and Language Arts

explain how ideas, values, and themes of a literary work often reflect the historical period in which it was written;

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.1: Reading and Language Arts

use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection;

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.2: Reading and Language Arts

analyze the author?s purpose and/or perspective in a variety of texts and understand how they effect meaning;

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.3: Reading and Language Arts

determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level or higher texts through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

LA.8.LA.8.2.1.2: Reading and Language Arts

locate and analyze elements of characterization, setting, and plot, including rising action, conflict, resolution, theme, and other literary elements as appropriate in a variety of fiction;

LA.8.LA.8.2.1.4: Reading and Language Arts

identify and analyze universal themes and symbols across genres and historical periods, and explain their significance;

LA.8.LA.8.2.1.6: Reading and Language Arts

compare literary texts that express a universal theme, providing textual evidence (e.g., examples, details, quotations) as support for the identified theme;

LA.8.LA.8.2.1.8: Reading and Language Arts

explain how ideas, values, and themes of a literary work often reflect the historical period in which it was written;
Curriki Rating
On a scale of 0 to 3
3
On a scale of 0 to 3

This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 3, as of 2009-07-11.

Component Ratings:

Technical Completeness: 3
Content Accuracy: 3
Appropriate Pedagogy: 3

Reviewer Comments:

This excellent, comprehensive Coming of Age resource has 16 engaging lessons. Included are a calendar, syllabus, extensive plans, suggested texts to use for literature circles, notes, excerpts, graphic organizers, questions and directions for using all these materials. Each lesson provides direct instruction/guided practice as well as suggestions for what the teacher would say. Included are anticipatory think-alouds before reading, how to model use of graphic organizers during reading and an offering of post reading questions after reading. There are also opportunities and guidance for students to work independently and for the teacher to differentiate instruction. Lessons focus on: questions, characterization, inferences and themes and all materials necessary for the lessons are included. Reading strategies are explicitly taught and students are asked to be metacognitive about their own reading throughout this rich resource.

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