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DNAi location: Chronicle>Threat of the Unfit>founders The term eugenics, meaning "well born," was coined in 1883 by Francis Galton, a scientist at University College in London. Galton's conception of eugenics had arisen from his earlier study, Hereditary Genius (1869), in which he used data from biographical dictionaries and alumni records at Oxford and Cambridge Universities to construct pedigrees of leading English families. He concluded that superior intelligence and abilities were inherited with an efficiency of about 20% among primary relatives in these families. Galton also studied the distribution of physical attributes in human populations, from which he and his student Karl Pearson derived the corpus of modern statistics – including chi-square, regression, and correlation.

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      biographical dictionaries,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20081106034313290T,NSDL,college in london,english families,francis galton,scientist,square regression,image description,hereditary genius,Social Sciences,human populations,relatives,physical attributes,founders,pedigrees,cambridge universities,NSDL_SetSpec_BEN,efficiency,alumni records,1865,oxford,History/Policy/Law,karl pearson,General,Life Science,correlation

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