Type:

Unit

Description:

This unit will introduce the concept of fractions with activities and lessons that cater to visual, auditory, and tactile learning styles. Students will create fractions with a variety of manipulatives, solve problems with fractions, play games with fractions, and explore fractions in their everyday lives. The unit will also integrate language arts, as students write fraction stories and read literature related to fractions.

Students will gain an understanding of basic fractions, including 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, and whole. Students will learn key vocabulary words: whole, fraction, numerator, and denominator. Students will understand how fractions relate to their everyday lives.

Lessons include:

  • Lesson #1: Introduce Whole and One-Half
  • Lesson #2: More about One-Half
  • Lesson #3: Practice with One-Half
  • Lesson #4: Introduce Numerator and Denominator
  • Lesson #5: Going Beyond One-Half
  • Lesson #6: Making Fractions I
  • Lesson #7: Making Fractions II
  • Lesson #8: Comparing Fractions I
  • Lesson #9: Comparing Fractions II
  • Lesson #10: Fraction Bingo
  • Lesson #11: Fraction Matching Game
  • Lesson #12: Writing a Fraction Story I
  • Lesson #13: Writing a Fraction Story II

Unit Resources include:

  • Vocabulary Cards
  • Problems of the Day
  • Pizza Cut-Out Sheet
  • One-Half Practice Sheet
  • Candy Activity Sheet
  • Candy Fractions Activity Sheet
  • Clay Fractions Activity Sheet
  • Comparing Fractions Activity Sheet
  • Fraction Circles
  • Bingo Caller Cars
  • Bingo Game Board
  • Fraction Matching Game
  • Pre-Writing Graphic Organizer

Subjects:

  • Mathematics > General
  • Mathematics > Number Sense & Operations

Education Levels:

  • Grade 1
  • Grade 2
  • K

Keywords:

math primary fractions

Language:

English

Access Privileges:

Public - Available to anyone

License Deed:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Update Standards?

S2486556: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Mathematics

represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using concrete objects and pictorial models, including strip diagrams and number lines;

S2486557: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Mathematics

determine the corresponding fraction greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 given a specified point on a number line;

S2486561: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Mathematics

represent equivalent fractions with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using a variety of objects and pictorial models, including number lines;

S2486562: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Mathematics

explain that two fractions are equivalent if and only if they are both represented by the same point on the number line or represent the same portion of a same size whole for an area model; and

MA.K.NS.1.3: Mathematics

Know that the larger numbers describe sets with more objects in them than the smaller numbers have.

MA.K.MR.1.1: Mathematics

Determine the approach, materials, and strategies to be used.

MA.K.MR.1.2: Mathematics

Use tools and strategies, such as manipulatives or sketches, to model problems.

MA.K.MR.2.1: Mathematics

Explain the reasoning used with concrete objects and/or pictorial representations.

MA.1.NS.1.1: Mathematics

Count, read, and write whole numbers to 100.

MA.1.MR.1.1: Mathematics

Determine the approach, materials, and strategies to be used.

MA.1.MR.1.2: Mathematics

Use tools, such as manipulatives or sketches, to model problems.

MA.1.MR.2.1: Mathematics

Explain the reasoning used and justify the procedures selected.

MA.1.MR.3.0: Mathematics

Students note connections between one problem and another.

MA.2.NS.1.1: Mathematics

Count, read, and write whole numbers to 1,000 and identify the place value for each digit.

MA.2.NS.4.1: Mathematics

Recognize, name, and compare unit fractions from 1/12 to 1/2.

MA.2.NS.4.2: Mathematics

Recognize fractions of a whole and parts of a group (e.g., one-fourth of a pie, two-thirds of 15 balls).

MA.2.NS.4.3: Mathematics

Know that when all fractional parts are included, such as four-fourths, the result is equal to the whole and to one.

MA.2.MR.1.1: Mathematics

Determine the approach, materials, and strategies to be used.

MA.2.MR.1.2: Mathematics

Use tools, such as manipulatives or sketches, to model problems.

MA.2.MR.2.1: Mathematics

Defend the reasoning used and justify the procedures selected.

MA.2.MR.3.0: Mathematics

Students note connections between one problem and another.

MA.A.1.1.1: Mathematics

associates verbal names, written word names, and standard numerals with the whole numbers less than 1000.

MA.A.1.1.2: Mathematics

understands the relative size of whole numbers between 0 and 1000.

MA.A.1.1.3: Mathematics

uses objects to represent whole numbers or commonly used fractions and relates these numbers to real-world situations.

MA.A.1.1.4: Mathematics

understands that whole numbers can be represented in a variety of equivalent forms.
Curriki Rating
On a scale of 0 to 3
3
On a scale of 0 to 3

This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 3, as of 2009-06-12.

Component Ratings:

Technical Completeness: 3
Content Accuracy: 3
Appropriate Pedagogy: 3

Reviewer Comments:

This is a complete unit to help introduce primary-grade students to the concept of fractions. Each of the 12 lessons includes a problem of the day, a discussion, and a hands-on activity for students. These lessons can be personalized and adapted to fit the needs of individual students. The lessons are easy to read and follow, and all hand-outs are provided. Each lesson is aligned with the NCTM Standards. In addition to using the provided hand-outs, teachers can use commercial or teacher- made fraction kits or other math manipulatives to help students develop an understanding of fractions. Teachers may choose to use these rather than candy due to growing numbers of children with food allergies or other dietary restrictions. There are several misspellings in the lessons and hand-outs, but overall this is a well-designed unit.
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Anna Batchelder
June 27, 2009

Fantastic! Clear, concise, fun and GREAT printables!

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Joshua Marks
June 13, 2009

Very nice. Keep it up.

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