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Guys and Dolls JR is a JPAS Theatre Kids! production. The JPAS Theatre Kids! program gives children year-round opportunities to participate in theatre, experience the process of putting on a show, as well as learning basic acting techniques and skills. Enrollment is by auditions which are held prior to each show. Theatre Kids! activities give young people a chance to have fun with theatre, creating a lifelong love of the arts. JPAS Theatre Kids! proudly presents 2 musicals per season performed by an all kid cast. Theatre Kids! welcomes children 7-12 years old who want to learn more about theatre and dramatic arts. Guys and Dolls is subtitled, “A Musical Fable of Broadway.” Set in Damon Runyon’s mythical New York, Guys and Dolls creates an idealized version of New York in which the diverse population of this vast city, including hardened criminals and puritanical evangelists, are magically able to come together, get along, and even fall in love. Runyon was mostly a short story writer, and it was producers Cy Feuer and Ernest Martin who first had the idea to string together Runyon’s shorter tales into a full-length musical. Some of the stories drawn upon most heavily include “The Idyll of Sarah Brown” and “Blood Pressure,” but sources for certain characters and elements of the story can be found throughout Runyon’s work. This Study Companion provides opportunities to reflect on “Guys and Dolls” and other writing by Damon Runyon from many different angles. Damon Runyon was known for his details, his style of narration, and his approach to crafting characters. Runyon wrote his famed stories based on the colorful characters he observed, always describing the small details and perspectives, a style that other reporters did not use. He wrote using Historical Present, using verbs in the present tense to describe the past. His characters had colorful names like Cheesecake Ike or Nicely Nicely Johnson. They were often fatalistic. And they spoke in vernacular, vocabulary particular to a region or group of people. Damon Runyon: Creating Characters in the Historical Present expands on students’ understanding of the Historical Present and character development through the creation of a descriptive essay written in the style of “Guys and Dolls” author Damon Runyon. Damon Runyon’s New York, Our New Orleans moves from writing students’ created in Damon Runyon: Creating Characters in the Historical Present to explore setting “the city,” as a character in and of itself. Students will have an opportunity to develop a second descriptive essay written in the style of “Guys and Dolls” author Damon Runyon. Set Design: Measurement, Estimation, Fractions and Ratios begins with images of the set design for the JPAS production of “Guys and Dolls.” Students will investigate the inspiration behind this set design—New York’s Manhattan in the 1930’s and consider architecture in its simplest terms—shapes students already know how to identify (rectangles, squares and triangles.) Students will also delve into New Orleans architecture (AND be introduced to words such as “estimation,” “measurement,” “unit,” “length,” “fraction,” “ratio,” “ color wheel,” “primary color,” “secondary color,” “complementary color” and “analogous color.”) Additionally, once students have investigated the shapes incorporated into the JPAS set design and the shapes incorporated into local New Orleans architecture, they will have an opportunity to create their own inspired architectural designs. A Few Other Ideas…provide even more opportunities to reflect on the math that can be found in Runyon’s world of “Guys and Dolls.” At the beginning of “Guys and Dolls,” Nathan Detroit tries to think up a bet to place with Sky Masterson that he cannot loose, a bet about food. Nathan wants to make a bet with Sky about a popular restaurant: what does it sell more of, cheesecake or strudel? Nathan has instructed his boys to get the lowdown on how much cheesecake and how much strudel is sold at a popular restaurant. With the advance information, Nathan attempts to sucker Sky into a bet for $1000. Explore cheesecake and strudel in New Orleans. Make a cheesecake (and explore more math related to estimation and measurement.) Dig even deeper--Guys and Dolls JR. opens with a bustling street scene alive with Times Square, New York characters. Some gamblers enter and trade tips about different horses that they are considering placing bets on from the daily scratch sheet (\"Fugue for Tinhorns\"). As the gamblers finish their pitch, Miss Sarah Brown and the Mission Band enter, playing a hymn (\"Follow the Fold\"). She warns the gamblers of the evils of their ways, but her sermon falls on deaf ears, so she and the band exit dejectedly. Lt. Brannigan, of the New York Police Department, enters and warns the gamblers not to try to organize their crap game. Nathan enters and, after Brannigan exits, complains that there is nowhere for the crap game to take place unless he can come up with $1000 to rent the Biltmore Garage. Craps is a game where players take turns rolling dice. Gamblers make bets on the probability that a specific event will occur—that when they roll the dice, and the dice come to a stop, the number will equal a specific number—the number they predict. Explore the math behind gambling—probability and statistics. Probability is the ratio of the number of outcomes in the total number of possible outcomes. Ratios can be used many ways: as a way to combine elements to make something new (as in mixing paint and glue to create printer’s ink,) as a way to describe a group (the ratio of boys to girls in a class,) OR as a way to predict the number of outcomes in a coin toss.