Animals need air, water, and food in order to live and thrive.
Plants require air, water, nutrients, and light in order to live and thrive.
Nonliving things do not live and thrive.
wings, legs, or fins enable some animals to seek shelter and escape predators the mouth, including teeth, jaws, and tongue, enables some animals to eat and drink
the mouth, including teeth, jaws, and tongue, enables some animals to eat and drink
eyes, nose, ears, tongue, and skin of some animals enable the animals to sense their surroundings
claws, shells, spines, feathers, fur, scales, and color of body covering enable some animals to protect themselves from predators and other environmental conditions, or enable them to obtain food
some animals have parts that are used to produce sounds and smells to help the animal meet its needs
the characteristics of some animals change as seasonal conditions change (e.g. , fur grows and is shed to help regulate body heat; body fat is a form of stored energy and it changes as the seasons change)
An organism s external physical features can enable it to carry out life functions in its particular environment.
Plants respond to changes in their environment. For example, the leaves of some green plants change position as the direction of light changes; the parts of some plants undergo seasonal changes that enable the plant to grow; seeds germinate, and leaves form and grow.
Animals respond to change in their environment, (e.g. , perspiration, heart rate, breathing rate, eye blinking, shivering, and salivating).
Senses can provide essential information (regarding danger, food, mates, etc.) to animals about their environment.
Some animals, including humans, move from place to place to meet their needs.
Particular animal characteristics are influenced by changing environmental conditions including: fat storage in winter, coat thickness in winter, camouflage, shedding of fur.
Some animal behaviors are influenced by environmental conditions. These behaviors may include: nest building, hibernating, hunting, migrating, and communicating.
The health, growth, and development of organisms are affected by environmental conditions such as the availability of food, air, water, space, shelter, heat, and sunlight.
Animals that eat plants for food may in turn become food for other animals. This sequence is called a food chain.
An organism s pattern of behavior is related to the nature of that organism s environment, including the kinds and numbers of other organisms present, the availability of food and other resources, and the physical characteristics of the environment.
When the environment changes, some plants and animals survive and reproduce, and others die or move to new locations.
SMT.PK-6.4.L1.1: Math, Science and Technology
describe the characteristics of and variations between living and nonliving things.
SMT.PK-6.4.L1.2: Math, Science and Technology
describe the life processes common to all living things.
SMT.PK-6.4.L3.1: Math, Science and Technology
describe how the structures of plants and animals complement the environment of the plant or animal.
SMT.PK-6.4.L3.2: Math, Science and Technology
observe that differences within a species may give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing.
SMT.PK-6.4.L5.1: Math, Science and Technology
describe basic life functions of common living specimens (guppy, mealworm, gerbil).
SMT.PK-6.4.L5.2: Math, Science and Technology
describe some survival behaviors of common living specimens.
SMT.PK-6.4.L5.3: Math, Science and Technology
describe the factors that help promote good health and growth in humans.
SMT.PK-6.4.L6.1: Math, Science and Technology
describe how plants and animals, including humans, depend upon each other and the nonliving environment.
SMT.PK-6.4.L6.2: Math, Science and Technology
describe the relationship of the sun as an energy source for living and nonliving cycles.