Lab Handout: Identifying Acids and Bases

Prelab:

Acids ? a substance that donates _______ when dissolved in water

Examples and Uses of Acids:

  • Sulfuric Acid – car batteries
  • Hydrochloric Acid – adjusting swimming pools
  • Citric Acid – candies (sour taste)

Bases ? a substance that donates _________ when dissolved in water

Examples and Uses of Bases:

  • Potassium Hydroxide – making soap
  • Calcium Hydroxide – making cement
  • Pyridine – Vitamins and Medicines

Data:

Record your data and observations in the table below.Identify substance 1-10 and record your observations in the table below . Remember do not taste and follow all instructions given by the Teacher. Please wipe for any spills.

SUBSTANCE

DESCRIPTION

Acidic

pH

Basic

Neutral

(pH = 7)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

pH Scale: Indicate the color indicated by the cabbage paper below the pH scale.


? More Acidic Neutral More Basic ?

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

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The pH of an acid ranges from _________________

The pH of a base ranges from __________________

Post Lab:

Use your results and prelab to answer the following questions.

1) What substances are acids? How did you determine this?

2) What substances are bases? How did you determine this?


3) Rank the following in order of increasing basicity: from light to dark.

4) Rank the following in order of increasing acidity: Battery From Light to dark

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