For much of American history, the Supreme Court had very little to say about the Second Amendment until 2008 when the Court heard arguments in the case of District of Columbia v. Heller. Richard Heller challenged the city's total ban on handguns on Second Amendment grounds. The Court agreed with Heller, finding the ban unconstitutional.
Handout A: How Has the Second Amendment Been Interpreted? (Background Essay)
Handout B: A Total Ban on Handguns?
Handout C: District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)
Primary Source Appendices
Founding Principles for ELL
Vocabulary Scaffolding for ELL