Although published in the _Journal of Technology Education_ in the Spring 1995 issue, this historical article is nevertheless timely. Available through Digital Library and Archives, University Libraries, Virginia Tech, the article reviews the history of the field of industrial arts, once known as "manual arts." The author highlights the similarities between the educational goals of industrial arts programs in the 1920s and modern technology education. He points to how today's technology education is not far off from the industrial arts philosophy, which was intended to be general education for boys and girls of all ages and grade levels. He then goes on to discuss the nature of that philosophy and to "demonstrate that industrial arts was originally intended to be part of the 'social studies.'" He concludes with a discussion of Why the Intentions Were Never Realized and some implications of this heritage for public school curriculum.


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