Type:

Full Course

Description:

This unit is designed to help middle school students with their writing skills. However, it may be adapted to upper elementary and high school students as well. This unit will begin with basic writing and literacy skills such as notetaking, summarizing, and gradually work into the different genres and traits of writing.

Subjects:

  • Language Arts > General

Education Levels:

  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8

Keywords:

writing

Language:

English

Access Privileges:

Members

License Deed:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

Collections:

None
Update Standards?

LA.6.RC.2.3: English-Language Arts

Connect and clarify main ideas by identifying their relationships to other sources and related topics.

LA.6.RC.2.4: English-Language Arts

Clarify an understanding of texts by creating outlines, logical notes, summaries, or reports.

LA.6.WS.1.2.a: English-Language Arts

Engage the interest of the reader and state a clear purpose.

LA.6.WS.1.2.b: English-Language Arts

Develop the topic with supporting details and precise verbs, nouns, and adjectives to paint a visual image in the mind of the reader.

LA.6.WS.1.2.c: English-Language Arts

Conclude with a detailed summary linked to the purpose of the composition.

LA.6.W.2.2.c: English-Language Arts

Follow an organizational pattern appropriate to the type of composition.

LA.7.RC.2.4: English-Language Arts

Identify and trace the development of an author's argument, point of view, or perspective in text.

LA.7.WS.1.1: English-Language Arts

Create an organizational structure that balances all aspects of the composition and uses effective transitions between sentences to unify important ideas.

LA.7.WS.1.3: English-Language Arts

Use strategies of notetaking, outlining, and summarizing to impose structure on composition drafts.

LA.7.WS.1.4: English-Language Arts

Identify topics; ask and evaluate questions; and develop ideas leading to inquiry, investigation, and research.

LA.7.WS.1.5: English-Language Arts

Give credit for both quoted and paraphrased information in a bibliography by using a consistent and sanctioned format and methodology for citations.

LA.7.W.2.5.a: English-Language Arts

Include the main ideas and most significant details.

LA.7.W.2.5.b: English-Language Arts

Use the student's own words, except for quotations.

LA.7.W.2.5.c: English-Language Arts

Reflect underlying meaning, not just the superficial details.

LA.8.RC.2.4: English-Language Arts

Compare the original text to a summary to determine whether the summary accurately captures the main ideas, includes critical details, and conveys the underlying meaning.

LA.8.RL.3.2: English-Language Arts

Evaluate the structural elements of the plot (e.g., subplots, parallel episodes, climax), the plot's development, and the way in which conflicts are (or are not) addressed and resolved.

LA.8.WS.1.1: English-Language Arts

Create compositions that establish a controlling impression, have a coherent thesis, and end with a clear and well-supported conclusion.

LA.8.WS.1.3: English-Language Arts

Support theses or conclusions with analogies, paraphrases, quotations, opinions from authorities, comparisons, and similar devices.

LA.8.W.2.3.b: English-Language Arts

Record important ideas, concepts, and direct quotations from significant information sources and paraphrase and summarize all perspectives on the topic, as appropriate.

LA.6.LA.6.1.6.1: Reading and Language Arts

use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly;

LA.6.LA.6.1.6.2: Reading and Language Arts

listen to, read, and discuss familiar and conceptually challenging text;

LA.6.LA.6.1.6.10: Reading and Language Arts

determine meanings of words, pronunciation, parts of speech, etymologies, and alternate word choices by using a dictionary, thesaurus, and digital tools; and

LA.6.LA.6.2.2.2: Reading and Language Arts

use information from the text to answer questions related to the main idea or relevant details, maintaining chronological or logical order;

LA.6.LA.6.2.2.3: Reading and Language Arts

organize information to show understanding (e.g., representing main ideas within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, or comparing/contrasting);

LA.6.LA.6.2.2.4: Reading and Language Arts

identify the characteristics of a variety of types of nonfiction text (e.g., reference works, newspapers, biographies, procedures, instructions, practical/functional texts); and

LA.6.LA.6.3.1.1: Reading and Language Arts

generating ideas from multiple sources (e.g., prior knowledge, discussion with others, writer?s notebook, research materials, or other reliable sources), based upon teacher-directed topics and personal interests;

LA.6.LA.6.3.1.3: Reading and Language Arts

using organizational strategies and tools (e.g., technology, outline, chart, table, graph, web, story map).

LA.6.LA.6.4.2.1: Reading and Language Arts

write in a variety of informational/expository forms (e.g., summaries, procedures, instructions, experiments, rubrics, how-to manuals, assembly instructions);

LA.6.LA.6.4.2.2: Reading and Language Arts

record information (e.g., observations, notes, lists, charts, legends) related to a topic, including visual aids to organize and record information and include a list of sources used;

LA.6.LA.6.5.1.1: Reading and Language Arts

use fluent and legible handwriting skills.

LA.6.LA.6.5.2.1: Reading and Language Arts

listen and gain information for a variety of purposes, (e.g., clarifying, elaborating, summarizing main ideas and supporting details); and

LA.7.LA.7.1.6.1: Reading and Language Arts

use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly;

LA.7.LA.7.1.6.2: Reading and Language Arts

listen to, read, and discuss familiar and conceptually challenging text;

LA.7.LA.7.1.6.10: Reading and Language Arts

determine meanings of words, pronunciation, parts of speech, etymologies, and alternate word choices by using a dictionary, thesaurus, and digital tools; and

LA.7.LA.7.1.7.1: Reading and Language Arts

use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection;

LA.7.LA.7.1.7.8: Reading and Language Arts

use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources.

LA.7.LA.7.2.2.1: Reading and Language Arts

locate, use, and analyze specific information from organizational text features (e.g., table of contents, headings, captions, bold print, italics, glossaries, indices, key/guide words);

LA.7.LA.7.2.2.2: Reading and Language Arts

use information from the text to state the main idea and/or provide relevant details;

LA.7.LA.7.2.2.3: Reading and Language Arts

organize information to show understanding (e.g., representing main ideas within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, or comparing/contrasting);

LA.7.LA.7.2.2.4: Reading and Language Arts

identify the characteristics of a variety of types of text and how they are alike and different (e.g., reference works, reports, technical manuals, newspapers, magazines, biographies, periodicals, procedures, instructions); and

LA.7.LA.7.3.1.1: Reading and Language Arts

generating ideas from multiple sources (e.g., prior knowledge, discussion with others, writer?s notebook, research materials, or other reliable sources) based upon teacher-directed topics and personal interests;

LA.7.LA.7.3.1.3: Reading and Language Arts

using organizational strategies and tools (e.g., technology, outline, chart, table, graph, Venn Diagram, web, story map, plot pyramid) to develop a personal organizational style.

LA.7.LA.7.4.2.1: Reading and Language Arts

Write in a variety of technical/informational forms (e.g., summaries, procedures, instructions, experiments, rubrics, how-to manuals, assembly instructions);

LA.7.LA.7.4.2.2: Reading and Language Arts

record information (e.g., observations, notes, lists, charts, legends) related to a topic, including visual aids to organize and record information, as appropriate, and attribute sources of information;

LA.7.LA.7.5.1.1: Reading and Language Arts

use fluent and legible handwriting skills.

LA.8.LA.8.1.6.1: Reading and Language Arts

use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly;

LA.8.LA.8.1.6.10: Reading and Language Arts

determine meanings of words, pronunciation, parts of speech, etymologies, and alternate word choices by using a dictionary, thesaurus, and digital tools; and

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.1: Reading and Language Arts

use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection;

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.2: Reading and Language Arts

analyze the author?s purpose and/or perspective in a variety of texts and understand how they effect meaning;

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.3: Reading and Language Arts

determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level or higher texts through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

LA.8.LA.8.1.7.8: Reading and Language Arts

use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources.

LA.8.LA.8.2.2.2: Reading and Language Arts

synthesize and use information from the text to state the main idea or provide relevant details;

LA.8.LA.8.2.2.3: Reading and Language Arts

organize information to show understanding or relationships among facts, ideas, and events (e.g., representing key points within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, or comparing/contrasting);

LA.8.LA.8.3.1.1: Reading and Language Arts

generating ideas from multiple sources (e.g., prior knowledge, discussion with others, writer?s notebook, research materials, or other reliable sources) based upon teacher-directed topics and personal interests;

LA.8.LA.8.3.1.3: Reading and Language Arts

using organizational strategies and tools (e.g., technology, spreadsheet, outline, chart, table, graph, Venn Diagram, web, story map, plot pyramid) to develop a personal organizational style.

LA.8.LA.8.4.2.1: Reading and Language Arts

write in a variety of informational/expository forms (e.g., summaries, procedures, instructions, experiments, rubrics, how-to manuals, assembly instructions);

LA.8.LA.8.4.2.2: Reading and Language Arts

record information (e.g., observations, notes, lists, charts, legends) related to a topic, including visual aids to organize and record information, as appropriate, and attribute sources of information;

LA.8.LA.8.5.1.1: Reading and Language Arts

use fluent and legible handwriting skills.

LA.8.LA.8.5.2.1: Reading and Language Arts

demonstrate effective listening skills and behaviors for a variety of purposes, and demonstrate understanding by paraphrasing and/or summarizing;

LA.5.1-A.1: English Language Arts

Listen actively and critically by: asking questions, delving deeper into the topic, elaborating on the information and the ideas presented, evaluating information and ideas, making inferences and drawing conclusions and making judgments.

LA.5.I-A.2: English Language Arts

Make connections between texts by recognizing similarities and differences based on a common theme, lesson, or message.

LA.5.I-A.3: English Language Arts

Read aloud grade-appropriate text with fluency, comprehension, expression, and personal style demonstrating an awareness of volume, pace, audience, and purpose.

LA.5.I-A.4: English Language Arts

Follow oral instructions that provide information about a task or assignment.

LA.5.I-B.1: English Language Arts

Understand concept of primary source.

LA.5.1-B.2: English Language Arts

Research multiple sources to deepen understanding and integrate information and ideas across varied sources and content areas by: conducting research (with assistance) from a variety of sources for assigned or self-selected projects (e.g., using print and non-print texts, artifacts, people, libraries, databases, Internet, computer networks), evaluating the usefulness and quality of information and ideas based on purpose, experiences, texts and graphics.

LA.5.I-B.3: English Language Arts

Make connections between print and non-print texts by recognizing similarities and differences using a variety of resources that contribute to informed decisions.

LA.5.1-C.1: English Language Arts

Evaluate text to determine author's purpose and opinion by: evaluating inferences, conclusions and generalizations; identifying elements of fiction and non-fiction that support plot development, choice of words, effectiveness of figurative language and personification.

LA.5.I-C.2: English Language Arts

Evaluate the usefulness and quality of information and ideas based on purpose, experiences, text.

LA.5.1-C.3: English Language Arts

Respond to fiction, non-fiction, poetry and drama using interpretive, critical and evaluative processes by: analyzing word choice and content, examining reasons for a character's actions, creating and presenting a product that demonstrates a personal response, examining alternative perspectives.

LA.5.I-C.4: English Language Arts

Make informed judgments about bias, propaganda, stereotyping, and media techniques.

LA.5.I-C.5: English Language Arts

Analyze cause and effect relationships, compare and contrast information, facts, characters, and objects to predict a logical outcome based on the information in the selection.

LA.5.I-C.6: English Language Arts

Distinguish between fact and opinion.

LA.5.1-D.1: English Language Arts

Apply enabling strategies and skills to read by: expanding and refining vocabulary through wide reading, word study, content area study, writing process elements, writing as a tool, debate, discussions, seminars and examining the author's craft; using word reference materials; selecting key vocabulary critical to the text and applying appropriate meanings for understanding; reading independently to increase fluency and build background knowledge.

LA.5.1-D.2: English Language Arts

Interact with the text by: making predictions; formulating questions; supporting answers from textual information, using previous experience or other sources; drawing on personal, literary and cultural understandings; seeking additional information.

LA.5.I-D.3: English Language Arts

Read a variety of texts (e.g., fiction, nonfiction, newspaper and magazine articles, poetry, drama)

LA.5.I-D.4: English Language Arts

Choose materials to read independently, identifying the main ideas and significant details, and determine the correct sequence of events or information.

LA.5.II-A.1: English Language Arts

Read aloud grade-level text with fluency, comprehension, expression, and personal style demonstrating an awareness of volume, pace, audience, and purpose.

LA.5.2-A.2: English Language Arts

Use language to: formulate hypotheses, evaluate information and ideas, present and support arguments and influence the thinking of others.

LA.5.II-A.3: English Language Arts

Make presentations to inform or persuade, selecting vocabulary for impact.

LA.5.2-B.1: English Language Arts

Write sentences that use: independent and dependent clauses, transitions and conjunctions to connect ideas.

LA.5.II-B.2: English Language Arts

Identify and correctly use verbs that are often misused (e.g., lie/lay, sit/set, rise/raise).

LA.5.II-B.3: English Language Arts

Use colons and quotation marks correctly.

LA.5.II-B.4: English Language Arts

Spell most commonly used words accurately using a multi-strategy approach to learn new spellings.

LA.5.II-B.5: English Language Arts

Edit final product for grammar, language conventions, and format.

LA.5.II-B.6: English Language Arts

Create and deliver focused, coherent presentations that convey ideas clearly and relate to the background and interest of the audience using a variety of media.

LA.5.II-B.7: English Language Arts

Evaluate the content of oral communication.

LA.5.2-C.1: English Language Arts

Produce a variety of written products that demonstrate competence in: persuasive writing (e.g., states a clear position, elaborates on the position with reasons, examples, information and other evidence), autobiographical writing and essays that speculate on cause and effect.

LA.5.2-C.2: English Language Arts

Apply the writing process through: pre-writing, creating a rough draft, revising for clarity of thought and focused communication, editing, publishing and sharing of final product.

LA.5.II-C.3: English Language Arts

Create journals, notes, stories, reports, and letters using appropriate formats and multimedia technologies to communicate to an audience for a specific purpose.

LA.5.II-C.4: English Language Arts

Focus revision on creating simple and/or complex sentences for clarity and impact and on developing a lead, characters, or mood.

LA.5.III-A.1: English Language Arts

Explain why similar character types are found in multiple cultures.

LA.5.III-A.2: English Language Arts

Identify social/cultural values and beliefs reflected in literature and media.

LA.5.III-A.3: English Language Arts

Identify archetypal patterns and symbols depicted through literature and media of various cultures.

LA.5.III-B.1: English Language Arts

Identify main conflict in a plot and describe how it is resolved.

LA.5.III-B.2: English Language Arts

Contrast the actions and motives of characters in literary works.

LA.5.III-B.3: English Language Arts

Explain the importance of a character's actions to the plot and theme of a literary work.

LA.7.EL.07.RE.08: English/Language Arts

Understand, learn, and use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly through informational text, literary text, and instruction across the subject areas.

LA.7.EL.07.WR.01: English/Language Arts

Use a variety of strategies to prepare for writing, such as brainstorming, making lists, mapping, outlining, grouping related ideas, using graphic organizers, and taking notes.

LA.7.EL.07.WR.06: English/Language Arts

Focus on a central idea, excluding loosely related, extraneous, and repetitious information.

LA.7.EL.07.SL.07: English/Language Arts

Ask questions to obtain information, including evidence to support the speaker's claims and conclusions.

LA.7.EL.07.SL.08: English/Language Arts

Determine the speaker's attitude toward the subject.

LA.7.EL.07.SL.09: English/Language Arts

Respond to persuasive presentations with questions, challenges, or affirmations.

LA.8.EL.08.RE.17: English/Language Arts

Identify and/or summarize sequence of events, main ideas, facts, supporting details, and opinions in informational and practical selections.

LA.8.EL.08.RE.18: English/Language Arts

Clarify understanding of informational texts by creating detailed outlines, graphic organizers, diagrams, logical notes, or summaries.

LA.8.EL.08.WR.17: English/Language Arts

Use correct spelling conventions.

LA.8.EL.08.WR.23: English/Language Arts

Write legibly.

LA.9-12.EL.HS.RE.04: English/Language Arts

Demonstrate listening comprehension of more complex text through class and/or small group interpretive discussions across the subject areas.

LA.9-12.EL.HS.RE.06: English/Language Arts

Understand and draw upon a variety of comprehension strategies as needed-re-reading, self-correcting, summarizing, class and group discussions, generating and responding to essential questions, making predictions, and comparing information from several sources.

LA.9-12.EL.HS.RE.08: English/Language Arts

Understand, learn, and use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly through informational text, literary text, and instruction across the subject areas.

LA.9-12.EL.HS.RE.09: English/Language Arts

Develop vocabulary by listening to and discussing both familiar and conceptually challenging selections read aloud across the subject areas.

LA.9-12.EL.HS.RE.13: English/Language Arts

Use general dictionaries, specialized dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses, or related references to increase vocabulary.

LA.9-12.EL.HS.LI.07: English/Language Arts

Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text.
Curriki Rating
On a scale of 0 to 3
3
On a scale of 0 to 3

This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 3, as of 2009-09-18.

Component Ratings:

Technical Completeness: 3
Content Accuracy: 3
Appropriate Pedagogy: 3

Reviewer Comments:

In this activity, middle school students use their observation skills and a little math to investigate the cost of electricity based on their usage of everyday classroom and household items. The resource includes detailed lesson objectives and clear guiding question, a materials list, procedures and suggested assessment. Student worksheets are exceptionally organized and clear and answer keys are provided. All handouts are uploaded as both a Word document and a pdf, for the user’s downloading preference. This focused and well-developed activity can be used immediately in the classroom.
member-name
esnover PA
April 25, 2011

Although the notes included in this description say that there is an answer key included, I do not see it. It is difficulty to score the assessment without it. The unit also requires materials from Step Up to Writing to complete which not all teachers have access to. Overall a good unit, but I am unable to give it a higher rating for the above reasons.

member-name
Sandy Gade

Because this is a unit, and not a full course, we suggest changing the ICT (instructional component type) to "Unit." There are other (minor) changes, particularly regarding ICTs that we'd like you to address so that this highly-reviewed unit can be found more easily by users.

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