This activity will allow the students to use their deductive
reasoning skills to classify fruits and vegetables.
You will need a variety of fruits
and vegetables, index cards and 1 student worksheet.Also, thoroughly wash all fruits and
vegetables and have the students wash their hands before beginning this
activity. Slice small samples of each fruit and vegetables for tasting and
smelling purposes.Line up each sample
of fruit and vegetable.
For each sample, you will need one
whole example (for items with seeds you will want to cut the whole sample in
half so that the seeds are exposed) and enough bite size taste and smell
samples for each student.Next to each
sample, place an index card with the number of that particular sample.Record for yourself the name of the fruit or
vegetable for each sample.
individually or in groups, have the students spend a few minutes with each
students’ worksheet, have the students record each sample’s outside color,
inside color, size & shape, inside texture, outside texture, taste and
whether or not it has seeds. Students should make a guess as to the
identity of each fruit and vegetable.Then, they can fill in the space that says “name” in the
all students have had a chance to record the data for each sample, pass
out the 5 classification charts titled “Discovering fruits &
vegetables through classification.”Using the classification charts, have students identify the correct
fruit or vegetable, or confirm their guesses. These charts will show
students how to answer a question using deductive reasoning.