Lesson 21: PAST SIMPLE

This formation means 'not here and not now'. Something happened at a definite past time. Now it is finished.

Formation

AFFIRMATIVE (past form)

EXAMPLES:
I washed before breakfast.
They arrived twenty minutes ago.

NOTICE: Many important verbs do not have an -ed past form. For example:

Brazil won the match. [past of win]
We saw her yesterday. [past of see]

They are irregular. Look at lessons 96 and 97.


QUESTIONS AND NEGATIVES (did + base form)

EXAMPLES:
When did they arrive?
They did not arrive until four o'clock.
He didn't wash the car yesterday.

NOTICE: Do not use did for a subject question. (Lesson 10)


Use

PAST STATES AND HABITS

EXAMPLES:
He lived in Rome for eight years. [but not now]
Shakespeare worked in London all his life. [he is dead now]

PAST EVENTS AT A DEFINITE TIME OR PLACE

EXAMPLES:
Did
you have a good time on holiday?
Shakespeare died in his home town of Stratford.

IMAGINING (Lesson 86)

EXAMPLES:
I wish I had a lot of money.
If I did, I'd travel all over the world.

POLITE REQUESTS AND SUGGESTIONS

EXAMPLE: I thought we could go to the cinema together.

NOTICE: Past simple or past continuous or present perfect? (Lesson 40)

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