Lesson 22: PRESENT CONTINUOUS

This formation usually means 'now -- for a limited period of time'. We use the present tense of the auxiliary verb be (Lesson 17) before the -ing form of the lexical verb (Lesson 3).

Formation (be + -ing form)

STATEMENTS

EXAMPLES:
I am writing this letter to thank you.
Bus fares are going up today.
He is not taking the exam this year.
They aren't having a lesson at the moment.

QUESTIONS

EXAMPLES:
Am
I disturbing you?
How much are they going up by?
Who is taking the exam this year?
They aren't having a lesson at the moment?
Why aren't they having a lesson?


NOTICE: For spelling problems with the -ing form of the verb, look at Lesson 92.


Use

PRESENT ACTIVITY

EXAMPLES:
Be quiet! The Prime Minister is speaking.
They are having dinner at the moment.
What are you doing?

TEMPORARY STATE

EXAMPLES:
She is staying at the Metropolitan Hotel.
He isn't feeling very well today.

CHANGING STATE

EXAMPLES:
Quick! The bus is stopping.
Pollution in the city is getting worse.

FUTURE PLANS

EXAMPLE: We are leaving at ten o'clock tomorrow.

NOTICE:
Present continuous or present simple or present perfect? (Lesson 39)
Present continuous or going to or will? (Lesson 41)

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