Lesson 60: RELATIVE CLAUSES

If we want to give extra information about a noun, and an adjective (Lesson 64) is not enough, we can use a relative clause. Relative clauses often begin with one of the relative pronouns: who, which, that, where and whose.

1

For people, begin the relative clause with who or that:

I know a man who played hockey for the Edmonton Oilers.
He played hockey.

Do you know the woman that can help us?
She can help us.

2

For things, begin the relative clause with which or that:

I want a word which means 'very surprised'.
It means 'very surprised'.

The two cars that caused the accident drove away.
They caused the accident.

3

For places, begin the relative clause with where:

Britain is one country where they drive on the left side of the road.
They drive on the left side of the road there.

4

For GENITIVE (Lesson 49), begin the relative clause with whose:

Do you know the man whose daughter is a doctor?
His daughter is a doctor.

5

We can leave out the relative pronoun:

if it is an OBJECT PRONOUN (Lesson 50)

The doctor - I go to studied in Canada. (I go to him.)
The students - I know are very friendly. (I know them.)

if the first verb in the relative clause is be.

Did you see the man - standing by the door? (who was standing)
The boy - knocked down by the car was John. (who was knocked)


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