For more information about the understandings, essential
questions, and alignment of this lesson to National Health Education Standards,
State Standards, please visit our website, www.roadoflife.org
•What does breakfast mean?
Students should understand that breakfast is a compound
word, meaning it is two words together to make one word. It consists of the words
‘break’ and ‘fast.’Each word has
several definitions. If time allows, have the students use dictionaries to find
the definition of each word. Discuss the various definitions and determine
which ones apply. The following definitions should be used:
Break = to separate or divide
Fast = to abstain from food; to not
eat for a certain amount of time
Emphasize the importance of breakfast.As we sleep, you are fasting, but your body
is still using the energy inside of it. Energy is the power or ability to be
active. We give our bodies energy through food. Breakfast replenishes the
energy that your body has been using up all night. During sleep, your body uses
energy from the day before. When you wake up, your body is low on energy. In
order to have enough energy until lunch, your body needs breakfast.
Use this analogy to
emphasize the concept above: Let’s say that someone left a car with a full
tank of gas in the garage overnight. However, they left the engine on, so the
engine is using up all the gas the whole night, even though it is not moving.
In the morning, the tank of gas will be almost empty. The car will then not be
able to go very far without refueling.
Your body is like the car. Even though you are not moving
while you sleep, your engine (your heart, lungs, brain and other organs) are
still working and doing their jobs throughout the night.You need to refuel your body and “fill your
energy tank” by eating food when you wake up.
•What are the consequences of skipping breakfast?
•You do not have enough energy, you
feel tired and you fall asleep when you should be awake.
•You feel cranky, grumpy or
•Your stomach grumbles or aches.
•You feel nauseous, dizzy or faint.
•You have a hard time
Why might some people skip
are in a rush to get to school or the bus stop or maybe they woke up late.
do not feel hungry right after they wake up.
do not have “breakfast” foods at home or do not like breakfast food.
do not have much food at home.
What are ways to
overcome the barriers to eating breakfast listed above?
people skip breakfast due to lack of time. These students should focus on
using better time management to overcome this barrier. They can:
•Set your alarm clock 15 minutes
early to avoid being rushed and to give yourself ample time to eat before
•Keep a box of granola bars (or
another breakfast bar) in your locker, desk or with the teacher in case you do
not have time to eat before leaving home.
•Have your lunch packed, clothes
picked out and homework done before going to bed. This will save time in the
morning and allow for more time to eat breakfast.
people do not like to eat right away when they wake up. Students can get
ready for school before eating to give themselves a little time to feel
hungry.They can also take
breakfast with them to school, like mentioned above.
people do not like typical breakfast foods such as cereal, toast, oatmeal
or eggs. Breakfast does not have to be typical breakfast foods. Kids can
eat leftovers from dinner, fruits, or any other food that is nutritious.Breakfast is about getting energy, not
about eating any one particular food.
should be made aware of any breakfast programs that their school may
offer. Students may also want to eat part of their lunch for breakfast if
they have packed a lunch.
•What is a healthy breakfast?
A healthy breakfast is one that has many nutrients. Whatever
students choose to eat for breakfast, whether it is a typical breakfast food or
not, should be:
It is also good to aim for:
A very healthy breakfast will include:
Learning Activity: Breakfast
Use the following worksheet to get students looking at their
own breakfast habits.