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Lesson 22: Active Every Day
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For more information about the understandings, essential questions, and alignment of this lesson to National Health Education Standards, State Standards, please visit our website, www.roadoflife.org
Background: Nine out of ten parents believe their
children are physically fit, but in reality only 1 in 3 children are physically
active. In fact, 63% of children are
physically inactive by the time they are in high school. Instead, children spend approximately 20% of
their waking hours playing videogames, watching television or playing on the
computer/internet. According to the
National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE):
Minimum Daily Activity
No specific requirements
Physical activity should encourage motor development
1 1/2 hours
30 minutes planned physical activity AND 60 minutes unstructured physical activity (free play)
60 minutes planned physical activity AND 60 minutes unstructured physical activity (free play)
1 hour or more
Break up into increments of 15 minutes or more
Ask students to name low- and high-energy activities. List them on the chalkboard, transparency or butcher paper. Ask students to identify the best type of activity: low-energy or high-energy activities? Explain that one is not better than the other. Both types of activities can be done each day. Low-energy activities include reading or doing homework. High-energy activities include running, playing four square, and hopscotch. Doing high- and low-energy activities are important because they provide a balance.
Explain that many of the activities that we do every day are low-energy, so we need to make an effort to make sure that we do at least one high-energy activity every day. Ask students why they think it is important to do one high-energy activity every day. List their responses on the chalkboard. Explain that doing high-energy activities:
•Gives the heart a good workout and makes it stronger.
•Makes muscles and bones stronger. Strong muscles and bones will help us to grow
•Reduces stress and anxiety. Doing a high-energy activity for 20 minutes relieves stress and can make us feel better.
•Improves the immune system which makes us less likely to get sick.
•Increases a sense of calmness and helps us sleep better at night.
•Makes us feel more energetic and better able to concentrate on schoolwork.
The more you do high-energy activities, the better you will become at them. Your whole body gets a workout and gets stronger when you do high-energy activities. A healthy and strong body is able to do many activities well.
Now that students know why it is important to make sure that they do a high-energy activity every day, ask them for strategies to do so. Ask them when, how and which activities they could fit into their days. List their answers on the chalkboard. Some strategies include the following:
•Do push-ups, crunches or sit-ups during commercials.
•At recess, play a high-energy game with your friends or play hard by yourself.
•During gym class, participate as much as you can. Gym classes usually involve doing high-energy activities and supervised weight lifting.
•Cut Screen Time to 30 minutes every day. Screen time is any time you spend watching a screen--watching TV or a movie, playing a video game or using the computer. Screen Time cuts into your time to do a high-energy activity.
•Join a sports team. Your school or community most likely has sports teams like soccer, football or cheerleading. Ask your parents if you can join one.
•Take lessons in a high-energy activity which you like. Dancing, swimming and martial arts are some examples. If you do not know a high-energy activity that you like, try doing different things until you find something you like.
•Do your chores at a fast pace. You can make just about anything high-energy if you do it quickly and move around a lot. Outside chores like raking the leaves and gardening are some high-energy chores.
Now have students brainstorm different activities that can be done during different seasons or weather conditions.
Extension: Complete the Physical Activities in All Seasons Activity (see Additional Resources).
Students will design a Weekend Activity Book to identify how much time they’ve spent on specific activities that include screen time, down time, school time, and active time. After they have completed their Weekend Activity Books, students will create a Pie Chart of Weekend Activity that further illustrates how they spent their time.