In this article Jenni Back details the use of manipulatives in the mathematics classroom. She describes the results of research studies and her own observations. She draws the conclusion that students need to have various tools available to them and to use them to make sense of the mathematics, not just to follow a rote procedure. Suggestions for ways to implement manipulative use are included in the article.
Keywords:Grade 2,Grade 3,Grade 1,Make use of structure,NSDL,Grade 4,Teaching strategies,Early Elementary,Kindergarten,Visual representation,Mathematics,Arithmetic,Fractions,Process skills,Number and operations,Upper Elementary,Grade 5,Model with mathematics,Life Science,Composition and decomposition of numbers,Concept formation,Use appropriate tools,NSDL_SetSpec_ncs-NSDL-COLLECTION-000-003-112-027,Instructional materials,Practice Standards,Elementary School,Representation,Chemistry,Operations,Number sense,Connections,Engineering,Vocational/Professional Development Education,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20140728160738857T,Education