The Great Sphinx of Giza has inspired reverence and contemplation for millennia. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, and it is generally believed to have been built by the ancient Egyptians in the 3rd millennia BCE. For centuries, there has been a growing concern about its long-term preservation, and this NOVA documentary takes visitors into the ongoing preservation process. Visitors can watch the entire program here, and they may wish to start by reading the important background essay, "Saving the Sphinx". The essay includes an interview with Zahi Hawass, the head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities. An interactive feature will allow user to take a 360 degree perspective across the Giza Plateau. Finally, visitors will want to click on "The Dream Stela of Thutmosis IV" to learn about the message written on the stone monument that was erected between the Sphinx's front paws.


  • Social Studies > General
  • Social Studies > Geography
  • Social Studies > World History
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