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Perception is the cognitive process most closely allied to processing sensory information. Environmental stimuli are processes by our senses, but perception is not entirely a sensory process. Rather, we often rely on inference to build a picture of the world by using the neural resources available to us. As such, our perception of the world can sometimes be wrong, which is apparent in illusions or phenomena such as inattentional blindness. Perception relies on virtually the entire brain including the occipital lobe (vision), somatosensory cortex (sensation), and temporal lobe (sounds). In a series of clips, Professor Earl Miller points out that although single neurons can respond to specific sensory stimuli, the actual process of perception requires a neuronal network.
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