In this six-day unit, students examine historical maps of Antarctica and research early explorers to gain perspective on how cartography and our understanding of the globe have changed. Throughout the unit, students collect their findings in a portfolio. The comprehensive curriculum materials contain teacher tools, which include individually downloadable readings, detailed daily breakdowns of tasks, teacher strategies for using the activities, a portfolio grading sheet, a project rubric sheet, and additional readings; a Web activity in which students examine and compare historical maps and their modern-day equivalents, focusing on how map-making techniques have changed; a classroom activity in which, over the course of three days, students examine the history of Antarctic exploration and conduct research on a topic of interest; several readings that provide a broad perspective, including excerpts from early explorers' journals and a Q&A interview with a marine biologist who studies the history of Antarctica and a student handout with guidance for putting together their portfolios and examples of creative final projects.


    Education Levels:

    • Grade 1
    • Grade 2
    • Grade 3
    • Grade 4
    • Grade 5
    • Grade 6
    • Grade 7
    • Grade 8
    • Grade 9
    • Grade 10
    • Grade 11
    • Grade 12


    Grade 8,Cartography,NSDL_SetSpec_ncs-NSDL-COLLECTION-000-003-112-024,NSDL,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20120106144515346T,Grade 9,Middle School,Grade 7,Social Sciences,Antarctica,High School,Grade 10,Vocational/Professional Development Education,General science,Earth Science,Geoscience,Geography



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