These two classroom exercises introduce students to stratigraphy and the law of superposition as well as seriation, dating techniques used by archaeologists to establish a relative chronology. They can be adapted to students at different levels using local materials. In the first exercise, dated materials such as newspapers may be used to illustrate the concepts; students may then manipulate materials to simulate mapping and excavation or create a poster. In the second exercise, students are shown and discuss materials to develop their understanding of artifacts and materials within the context of a culture.


  • Science > Earth Science
  • Science > Geology
  • Science > Physical Sciences
  • Social Studies > Geography
  • Social Studies > Anthropology

Education Levels:

  • Grade 1
  • Grade 2
  • Grade 3
  • Grade 4
  • Grade 5
  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8
  • Grade 9
  • Grade 10
  • Grade 11
  • Grade 12


NSDL_SetSpec_ncs-NSDL-COLLECTION-000-003-112-021,Vocational/Professional Development Education,NSDL,Science -- Geology,High School,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20110201173517904T,Social Sciences,Science -- Physical sciences,Social studies -- Anthropology,Science -- Earth science,Social studies -- Geography,Physics,Geoscience



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