construct appropriate simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using technology, including computers, to organize, examine, and evaluate information.
draw or develop a model that represents how something works or looks that cannot be seen such as how a soda dispensing machine works; and
collect, record, and analyze information using tools, including calculators, microscopes, cameras, computers, hand lenses, metric rulers, Celsius thermometers, prisms, mirrors, pan balances, triple beam balances, spring scales, graduated cylinders, beakers, hot plates, meter sticks, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and stopwatches; and materials to support observations of habitats or organisms such as terrariums and aquariums; and
use safety equipment, including safety goggles and gloves.
classify matter based on physical properties, including mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid, and gas), relative density (sinking and floating), solubility in water, and the ability to conduct or insulate thermal energy or electric energy;
explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels;
recognize how landforms such as deltas, canyons, and sand dunes are the result of changes to Earth's surface by wind, water, and ice;
test the physical properties of minerals, including hardness, color, luster, and streak.
build a model to illustrate the structural layers of Earth, including the inner core, outer core, mantle, crust, asthenosphere, and lithosphere;
classify rocks as metamorphic, igneous, or sedimentary by the processes of their formation;