What can surfing teach you about ownership? Imagine you're out surfing with some friends. You don't want to be too selfish and be seen as hogging the waves. If you don't establish a system of ownership over the waves, you and your friends may watch a lot of good waves pass you by. Alternatively, one of your friends or another surfer at the beach might push and shove and take all of the best waves. Either way, this is not a recipe for a good time surfing. What's necessary—and usually employed by surfers—is a system of property rights over the waves. Prof. Dan Russell explains how ownership and selfishness are not the same. He shows that ownership provides a number of positive benefits to society, including allowing for conservation and protecting the most vulnerable people in society. Prof. Russell says, "If we care about fairness for everyone, we have to care about ownership." This is true in surfing and in our daily lives.


  • Social Studies > Economics

Education Levels:

  • Grade 11
  • Grade 12
  • Higher Education


property rights, rule of law, economic freedom



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Public - Available to anyone

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0


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