This resource guide from the Middle School Portal 2 project, written specifically for teachers, provides links to exemplary resources including background information, lessons, career information, and related national science education standards. Probability offers one of those rare intersections where classroom mathematics crosses middle school experience. The problem scenarios investigated at this level often start with a game as did theoretical probability itself. Students find that many of the phenomena they encounter in game playing have predictable outcomes. To reach that conclusion, they need opportunities to consider data they generate, noting patterns that emerge and comparing their results with those predicted by theory. The activities, lesson plans, and project ideas selected for this publication offer such opportunities, not only in the context of games, since other situations can be analyzed in the light of probability. The selected resources include background information for your own review of the concepts. The final section considers the place of probability in the NCTM Standards.


  • Mathematics > General

Education Levels:

  • Grade 1
  • Grade 2
  • Grade 3
  • Grade 4
  • Grade 5
  • Grade 6
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8
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  • Grade 11
  • Grade 12


Data analysis,Middle School,NSDL,Probability,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20120114184028019T,Grade 8,NSDL_SetSpec_1007936,General,Statistics,Grade 6,Vocational/Professional Development Education,Mathematics,Data collection,Grade 7



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