In 1965, the writer Robert Penn Warren wrote a thoughtful book titled "Who Speaks for the Negro?" To prepare for the writing of this volume, Warren traveled across the United States to interview dozens of people involved with the civil rights movement, including James Baldwin, Stokely Carmichael, Ralph Ellison, Vernon Jordan, and Malcolm X. This wonderful resource created at Vanderbilt University features some of these conversations, digitized from their original reel-to-reel recordings. Visitors can get started by clicking on the "Listen to Interviews" area. Here they can search the interviews by keyword, or just browse the collection by interviewee or subject. For people looking for insights into American history, the civil rights movements of the 1960s, or the African-American experience, this site is one that will warrant numerous return visits.


  • Social Studies > General
  • Social Studies > United States Government
  • Social Studies > United States History

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    Social studies -- United States government,NSDL_SetSpec_internetscout,Social studies -- United States history,oai:nsdl.org:2200/20120928105058303T,Social studies -- Human relations,Social studies,Social Sciences,NSDL



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